JOURNAL ARTICLE

Icilin reduces voltage-gated calcium channel currents in naïve and injured DRG neurons in the rat spinal nerve ligation model

T Hagenacker, M Lampe, M Schäfers
Brain Research 2014 April 4, 1557: 171-9
24560602
Recently, the transient receptor potential (TRP) channels TRPM8 and TRPA1 have been identified as molecular sensors for cold, and it has been suggested that they play a crucial role in allodynia by modulating voltage-gated calcium channel currents (ICa(V)). The aim of this study was to analyze the modulation of ICa(V) by the TRPM8-agonist icilin in vitro and to investigate the analgesic effect of icilin in a neuropathic pain model in vivo. Whole cell patch-clamp recordings were performed on isolated naïve and injured rat dorsal root ganglia (DRG) neurons, and the analgesic efficacy of icilin applied topically to the paws or intrathecally was tested in rats after spinal nerve ligation (SNL). ICa(V) (depolarization from -80 to 0mV) in naïve DRG neurons was reduced dose dependently (0.002-200µM) by icilin (18-80%). Subtype isolation of calcium channels show a marked reduction of L-type channel currents compared to N-type channel currents. The effects of icilin on ICa(V) were not significantly different in non-injured and SNL-injured DRG neurons. In vivo, neither topical (10-200µM) nor intrathecal application of icilin (0.1nM to 1µM) affected tactile allodynia or thermal hyperalgesia after SNL, but it increases cold allodynia 6h after application. We conclude that the icilin-induced modulation of ICa(V) in DRG neurons is unlikely to mediate analgesic effects or contribute directly to the pathogenesis of cold allodynia in the rat SNL model, but it is a potential mechanism for the analgesic effects of icilin in other pain models.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
24560602
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"