Plasma elevation of vascular endothelial growth factor leads to the reduction of mouse hematopoietic and mesenchymal stem/progenitor cells in the bone marrow

Katsuhisa Tashiro, Aki Nonaka, Nobue Hirata, Tomoko Yamaguchi, Hiroyuki Mizuguchi, Kenji Kawabata
Stem Cells and Development 2014 September 15, 23 (18): 2202-10
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is reported to exhibit potent hematopoietic stem/progenitor cell (HSPC) mobilization activity. However, the detailed mechanisms of HSPC mobilization by VEGF have not been examined. In this study, we investigated the effect of VEGF on bone marrow (BM) cell and the BM environment by intravenous injection of VEGF-expressing adenovirus vector (Ad-VEGF) into mice. A colony assay using peripheral blood cells revealed that plasma elevation of VEGF leads to the mobilization of HSPCs into the circulation. Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) is known to mobilize HSPCs by decreasing CXC chemokine ligand 12 (CXCL12) levels in the BM. However, we found almost no changes in the CXCL12 levels in the BM after Ad-VEGF injection, suggesting that VEGF can alter the BM microenvironment by different mechanisms from G-CSF. Furthermore, flow cytometric analysis and colony forming unit-fibroblast assay showed a reduction in the number of mesenchymal progenitor cells (MPCs), which have been reported to serve as niche cells to support HSPCs, in the BM of Ad-VEGF-injected mice. Adhesion of donor cells to the recipient BM after transplantation was also impaired in mice injected with Ad-VEGF, suggesting a decrease in the niche cell number. We also observed a dose-dependent chemoattractive effect of VEGF on primary BM stromal cells in vitro. These data suggest that VEGF alters the distribution of MPCs in the BM and can also mobilize MPCs to peripheral tissues. Taken together, our results imply that VEGF-elicited egress of HSPCs would be mediated, in part, by changing the number of MPCs in the BM.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"