Pulmonary lobectomy combined with pulmonary arterioplasty by complete video-assisted thoracic surgery in patients with lung cancer

Da-Ping Yu, Yi Han, Qiu-Yue Zhao, Zhi-Dong Liu
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP 2013, 14 (10): 6061-4

OBJECTIVE: To explore the feasibility of pulmonary lobectomy combined with pulmonary arterioplasty by complete video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) in patients with lung cancer, and summarize its surgical methods.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-one patients with lung cancer in Beijing Chest Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University from Feb., 2010 to Jun., 2013 were selected, males and females accounting for 15 and 6 cases, respectively. Ten underwent right upper lobectomy, 5 right lower lobectomy, 4 left upper lobectomy (in which left upper sleeve lobectomy was conducted for 2) and 2 left lower lobectomy. At the same time, local resection of pulmonary arterioplasty was performed for 12 patients, and sleeve resection of pulmonary arterioplasty for 9.

RESULTS: Twenty-one patients recovered well after surgery. Thoracic drainage tube was maintained for 3-8 days, with an average of 4.9 days, and hospital stays were 8-15 days, with an average of 11 days. There were no deaths in the perioperative period, and the complications like pulmonary embolism, bronchopleural fistula, chest infection and pulmonary atelectasis did not occur after surgery.

CONCLUSIONS: Performance of pulmonary lobectomy and pulmonary arterioplasty together by complete VATS is a safe and effective surgical method, which can expand the indications of patients with lung cancer undergoing thoracoscopic pulmonary lobectomy, and make more patients profit from such minimally invasive treatment.

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