Comparison of the properties of human CD146+ and CD146- periodontal ligament cells in response to stimulation with tumour necrosis factor α

Wenjun Zhu, Yuanyuan Tan, Qihong Qiu, Xiting Li, Zixian Huang, Yun Fu, Min Liang
Archives of Oral Biology 2013, 58 (12): 1791-803

OBJECTIVES: Periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs) can be used in periodontal regeneration. Tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) participates in the regulation of cell proliferation, apoptosis, differentiation, and migration. However, whether TNF-α can affect the biological features of PDLSCs is still unclear. The objective of this study was to illustrate the biological effects (proliferation, apoptosis, osteogenesis and migration) of TNF-α on human CD146 positive periodontal ligament cells (CD146+PLDCs) and CD146 negative periodontal ligament cells (CD146-PDLCs).

METHODS: CD146±PDLCs were isolated from human PDLCs and analyzed using a fluorescence-activated cell sorter. The biological effects of TNF-α on CD146±PDLCs were evaluated by CCK-8 assay (proliferation), DAPI staining (apoptosis), alizarin red staining and alkaline phosphatase activities assay (osteogenesis), and wounding assay and transwell assay (migration).

RESULTS: CD146+PDLCs, which expressed MSC surface markers CD105, CD90, CD73, CD44, and Stro-1, showed higher proliferative and osteogenic potential than CD146-PDLCs. TNF-α at a dose of 2.5ng/ml was found to enhance both proliferation and osteogenesis in CD146+PDLCs. At 5ng/ml, TNF-α promoted proliferation, osteogenesis, and apoptosis in CD146+PDLCs and enhanced osteogenesis in CD146-PDLCs. At 10ng/ml, TNF-α only aggravated apoptosis in CD146+PDLCs. The migratory ability of both CD146+PDLCs and CD146-PDLCs was not altered by TNF-α.

CONCLUSIONS: CD146+PDLCs were subpopulation of MSC. It showed greater proliferative and osteogenic potential than CD146-PDLCs. At low concentration, TNF-α was beneficial to CD146+PDLCs on proliferation and osteogenesis, and at high concentration it was detrimental. CD146-PDLCs were found to be less sensitive to TNF-α.

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