Konstantinos Agiannitopoulos, Kevisa Potska, Anna Douka, Iphigenia Gintoni, Georgios N Tsaousis, Eirini Papadopoulou, George Nasioulas, Christos Yapijakis
OBJECTIVE: Identify the disease-causing mutation in a patient with features of X-linked hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia, which is a genetic disorder characterized by hypodontia, hypohidrosis and hypotrichosis. It is caused by mutations in Ectodysplasin A gene, which encodes ectodysplasin A, a member of the tumor necrosis factor superfamily. DESIGN: Genetic analysis, was performed using chromosomal microarray analysis, whole exome sequencing and multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification analysis in a 4-year-old boy with hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia features...
March 24, 2023: Archives of Oral Biology
Anjali Kumari, Arpita Jha, Anju Tiwari, Nidhi Nath, Ashok Kumar, Siddavaram Nagini, Rajakishore Mishra
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine whether glucose transporter-1/3 (GLUT1/3) increased expression could contribute to oral tumor severity. Furthermore, this study detected whether GLUT1/3 mRNA/protein was associated with oncogenic transcription factors (HIF1α, AP1 and NFκB) and whether by blocking GLUT1 along with cisplatin could sensitize drug-resistant OSCC cells. DESIGN: We used 120 post-operated human tissue samples, including 35 primary tumors (PT), 43 invasive tumors (N1-3), 17 recurrent chemoradiation-resistant tumors (RCRT), and 25 PT-adjacent normal tissues (AN)...
March 22, 2023: Archives of Oral Biology
Wenjun Zhu, Xin Huang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the composition and function of mural cell populations in human gingival tissues DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was conducted on seven periodontitis (stage Ⅲ) patients. Gingival tissues were collected two months after scaling and root planing and divided into 3 groups: 1, h_h group (horizontal bone resorption, residual pocket depth ≤3 mm); 2, v_h group (vertical bone resorption >4 mm, residual pocket depth ≤3 mm); 3, v_i group (vertical bone resorption >4 mm, residual pocket depth ≥6 mm)...
March 17, 2023: Archives of Oral Biology
Rebeca Barros Nascimento, Maija Risteli, Katiúcia Batista Silva Paiva, Krista Juurikka, Maria Fernanda Setúbal Destro Rodrigues, Tuula Anneli Salo, Flávia Caló Aquino Xavier
INTRODUCTION: Cholesterol is a key lipid molecule within cell membranes. This is especially true in cavelolas, invaginated membrane nanodomains, which present the protein caveolin-1 (CAV-1). It is important to note that this structure is involved in many cell signalling pathways. Additionally, high cholesterol is seen in different tumor types but little is known in regards to oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma (OTSCC). The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of cholesterol depletion on primary (SCC-25) and metastatic (HSC-3) OTSCC cell lines...
March 16, 2023: Archives of Oral Biology
Jiajun Li, Yue Liu, Wen Lai, Liting Song, Jiayin Deng, Changyi Li, Shaoyun Jiang
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the effects of microRNA-126 (miR-126) on the macrophage polarization in vitro and alveolar bone resorption in vivo. DESIGN: The relationship between miR-126 and MEK/ERK kinase 2 (MEKK2) was confirmed by dual-luciferase reporter assay. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay or Western blot was used to detect the changes of miR-126, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), arginase-1 (Arg-1), tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-10, MEKK2 and MEKK2-related pathways: mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB) in RAW264...
March 15, 2023: Archives of Oral Biology
Christian Morsczeck, Oliver Pieles, Anja Reck, Torsten E Reichert
OBJECTIVE: Short telomeres and genomic DNA damage are causes of cellular senescence in dental follicle cells (DFCs). DESIGN: This study examined the role of the DNA damage response (DDR) during cellular senescence of DFCs by β-galactosidase activity and DNA damage by comet assay. Expression of genes/proteins was determined by Western Blots and reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction, while glycolysis was enzymatically estimated. Cell cycle stages and reactive oxygen species (ROS) were investigated by flow cytometry...
March 15, 2023: Archives of Oral Biology
Esraa Ali Mahmoud, Houry Moustafa Baghdadi, Rabab Hassan, Shaimaa Eliwa Ghazy
OBJECTIVE: To appraise and compare the reparative role of bone marrow-mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) and platelet-rich plasma (PRP) against irradiation damage on albino rats' submandibular gland. DESIGN: Seventy four male albino rats were used, one for BM-MSCs harvesting, 10 for PRP preparation, seven as control group (Group 1). The remaining 56 rats were subjected to single dose (6 Gy) gamma irradiation and were divided into equal four groups; (Group 2): received no treatment, (Group 3): each rat was injected with 1 × 105 BM-MSCs, (Group 4): each rat was injected with 0...
March 8, 2023: Archives of Oral Biology
Frederick E Grine, Carrie S Mongle, William Kollmer, Georgios Romanos, Anton du Plessis, Bruno Maureille, José Braga
OBJECTIVE: To examine early Homo sapiens fossils from the Late Pleistocene site of Klasies River Main Site, South Africa for evidence of hypercementosis. The specimens represent seven adult individuals dated to between 119,000 and 58,000 years ago. These observations are contextualized in relation to the incidences of hypercementosis among recent human populations and fossil human samples and the potential etiologies of hypercementosis. DESIGN: The fossils were investigated utilizing micro-CT and nano-CT scanning to visualize and measure cementum apposition on permanent incisor, premolar and molar roots...
February 28, 2023: Archives of Oral Biology
G Fournier, D Maret, N Telmon, F Savall
OBJECTIVE: The principal aim of this study was to assess an automatic landmarking approach to human mandibles based on the atlas method. The secondary aim was to identify the areas of greatest variation in the mandibles of middle-aged to older adults. DESIGN: Our sample consisted of 160 mandibles from computed tomography scans of 80 men and 80 women aged between 40 and 79 years. Eleven anatomical landmarks were placed manually on mandibles. The automated landmarking through point cloud alignment and correspondence (ALPACA) method implemented in 3D Slicer was used to automatically place landmarks to all meshes...
February 24, 2023: Archives of Oral Biology
Haiyang Li, Li Yang, Yali Hou, Yanning Zhang, Yunyi Cui, Xiangjun Li
OBJECTIVE: To perform an integrated analysis in identifying novel hub genes that could facilitate the diagnosis and targeted therapy of ameloblastoma. DESIGN: The expression profiling dataset, GSE38494, was obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. Differentially expressed genes were identified through GEO2R online tool and characterised via Gene Ontology (GO) analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathways. The protein-protein interaction network and hub genes were screened using the STRING database and Cytoscape software...
February 24, 2023: Archives of Oral Biology
Weilong Tang, Minquan Du, Shuang Zhang, Han Jiang
BACKGROUND: In peri-implantitis, Porphyromonas gingivalis and macrophage play important roles. The aim of this study was to detect the attenuating effect of an anti-diabetic drug sitagliptin on Porphyromonas gingivalis virulence and inflammatory response in macrophage on titanium discs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Porphyromonas gingivalis and macrophage were cultured on titanium discs. Antibacterial and antibiofilm activities of sitagliptin were assessed and the morphology of Porphyromonas gingivalis was observed by SEM...
February 23, 2023: Archives of Oral Biology
Wenyan Ruan, Dandan Chi, Yumeng Wang, Jian Ma, Yongqing Huang
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between PTCH1 single nucleotide polymorphism(SNP) and non-syndromic cleft lip with or without palate (NSCL/P) in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous region and predict the function of single nucleotide polymorphism through bioinformatics analysis. DESIGN: A case-control analysis of 31 single nucleotide polymorphism locus alleles on PTCH1 gene (504 cases and 455 controls) was performed to explore the association between PTCH1 gene polymorphisms and non-syndromic cleft lip with or without palate in Ningxia region...
February 23, 2023: Archives of Oral Biology
Mai Badreldin Helal, Aya Anwar Alsherif
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to investigate the effect of experimentally-induced periodontitis on epithelial cell rests of Malassez (ERM) distribution and its subsequent role in regenerating periodontal ligament (PDL). DESIGN: The study included 60 rats, aged seven months, randomly and equally divided into two groups: Group I, the control group, and Group II, the experimental group, in which ligature-periodontitis was induced. Ten rats from each group were euthanized at 1, 2, and 4 weeks...
February 21, 2023: Archives of Oral Biology
Letícia Oba Sakae, Ana Luísa Meira Renzo, Ítallo Emídio Lira Viana, Samira Helena Niemeyer, Thiago Saads Carvalho, Taís Scaramucci
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of different toothbrushing (with dentifrice) protocols on the progression of erosive tooth wear for in vitro studies. DESIGN: Bovine enamel specimens were randomly distributed into 12 experimental groups (n = 10), according to the study factors: (1) brushing movement (horizontal or circular); (2) slurry diluent (artificial saliva or distilled water); (3) toothpaste dilution ratio (1:2, 1:3 or 1:4). A 5-day erosion-abrasion cycling model was performed, each consisting of 4 erosive challenges (0...
April 2023: Archives of Oral Biology
Li Ke, Jiajun Wang, Yanhua Liu, Zhongyi Sun, Yirong Li, Xiao Xiao
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore the effect and mechanism responsible for how curcumin affects the biofilm formation by Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans). DESIGN: The antibacterial activity of curcumin was evaluated by measuring the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and the minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC). The mass of the biofilm was measured by crystal violet staining. Transcriptome sequencing was used to obtain all the transcript information associated with the biological activity of curcumin-treated S...
February 15, 2023: Archives of Oral Biology
Manuela Loaiza Oliva, Sandra Milena Morales Uchima, Jenniffer Puerta Suárez, Ana Cecilia Mesa Arango, María Cecilia Martínez Pabón
OBJECTIVE: This work evaluated the Lippia origanoides derivatives in vitro effect on polymicrobial biofilms of Streptococcus mutans, Lactobacillus rhamnosus and Candida albicans. Additionally, the cytotoxic effect of the oils on human skin keratinocytes (HaCaT) and fibroblasts of the periodontal ligament (FLP) cell lines was evaluated. DESIGN: The minimum inhibitory concentration, the inhibitory activity on monomicrobial (S. mutans) and polymicrobial biofilm (S...
February 15, 2023: Archives of Oral Biology
Danilo Augusto de Holanda Ferreira, Nathalie Murielly Rolim de Abreu, Kássia Regina Simões Meira, Frederico Barbosa de Sousa
OBJECTIVES: Test the hypothesis the type of enamel caries (natural, artificial induced by gel, and artificial induced by acid solutions) affect the organic volume and the permeability of the surface layer in enamel caries lesions. DESIGN: Artificial enamel caries, induced by either acidic solution (organic-poor; Group 1) or acidic gel (organic-rich; Group 2), and natural non-cavitated inactive approximal enamel caries lesions (NEC; Group 3) were obtained, from which longitudinal ground sections were prepared...
February 12, 2023: Archives of Oral Biology
Zuodong Zhao, Catia Attanasio, Mariano Simón Pedano, Maria Cadenas de Llano-Pérula
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify an efficient RNA extraction method for periodontal ligament (PDL) and dental pulp (DP) tissues to be used in RNA sequencing studies, given the increased use of these techniques in dental research and the lack of standard protocols. DESIGN: PDL and DP were harvested from extracted third molars. Total RNA was extracted with four RNA extraction kits. RNA concentration, purity and integrity were assessed by means of NanoDrop and Bioanalyzer and statistically compared...
February 11, 2023: Archives of Oral Biology
Yi Chu, Yao Xu, Wanrong Yang, Kefei Chu, Sihui Li, Ling Guo
OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed to determine whether N-acetylcysteine (NAC) could inhibit lipopolysaccharides / adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-induced pyroptosis and alleviate the damage of osteogenic differentiation in human periodontal ligament fibroblasts (hPDLFs). Furthermore, this study detected whether NAC acted effectively by modulating the silent information regulator 2 homolog 1 (SIRT1)/ the nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB)/Caspase-1 signaling pathway in hPDLFs. DESIGN: Cell Counting Kit-8 assay was employed to determine the appropriate concentration of NAC for the follow-up experiments...
February 8, 2023: Archives of Oral Biology
K Gayathri, N Malathi, V Gayathri, Pooja Narain Adtani, K Ranganathan
OBJECTIVE: The review aims to comprehend various factors engaged in the alteration of molecular events resulting in Oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) and its malignant transformation. DESIGN: Literature pertinent to pathways involved in OSMF were explored in databases such as PubMed, Scopus and Google Scholar. The relevant literature was reviewed and critically appraised in this narrative review. RESULTS: Areca nut components influence myriad of cellular molecules such as cytokines, growth factors, myofibroblasts, non-coding RNAs and alter their expression...
February 6, 2023: Archives of Oral Biology
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