JOURNAL ARTICLE

Relationship between flow-mediated vasodilation and cardiovascular risk factors in a large community-based study

Tatsuya Maruhashi, Junko Soga, Noritaka Fujimura, Naomi Idei, Shinsuke Mikami, Yumiko Iwamoto, Masato Kajikawa, Takeshi Matsumoto, Takayuki Hidaka, Yasuki Kihara, Kazuaki Chayama, Kensuke Noma, Ayumu Nakashima, Chikara Goto, Hirofumi Tomiyama, Bonpei Takase, Akira Yamashina, Yukihito Higashi
Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society 2013, 99 (24): 1837-42
24153417

OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationships between flow-mediated vasodilation (FMD) and cardiovascular risk factors, and to evaluate confounding factors for measurement of FMD in a large general population in Japan.

METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. A total of 5314 Japanese adults recruited from people who underwent health screening from 1 April 2010 to 31 August 2012 at 3 general hospitals in Japan. Patients' risk factors (age, Body Mass Index, blood pressure, cholesterol parameters, glucose level and HbA1c level) and prevalence of cardiovascular disease (coronary heart disease and cerebrovascular disease) were investigated.

RESULTS: Univariate regression analysis revealed that FMD correlated with age (r=-0.27, p<0.001), Body Mass Index (r=-0.14, p<0.001), systolic blood pressure (r=-0.18, p<0.001), diastolic blood pressure (r=-0.13, p<0.001), total cholesterol (r=-0.07, p<0.001), triglycerides (r=-0.10, p<0.001), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (r=0.06, p<0.001), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (r=-0.04, p=0.01), glucose level (r=-0.14, p<0.001), HbA1c (r=-0.14, p<0.001), and baseline brachial artery diameter (r=-0.43, p<0.001) as well as Framingham Risk score (r=-0.29, p<0.001). Multivariate analysis revealed that age (t value=-9.17, p<0.001), sex (t value=9.29, p<0.001), Body Mass Index (t value=4.27, p<0.001), systolic blood pressure (t value=-2.86, p=0.004), diabetes mellitus (t value=-4.19, p<0.001), smoking (t value=-2.56, p=0.01), and baseline brachial artery diameter (t value=-29.4, p<0.001) were independent predictors of FMD.

CONCLUSIONS: FMD may be a marker of the grade of atherosclerosis and may be used as a surrogate marker of cardiovascular outcomes. Age, sex, Body Mass Index, systolic blood pressure, diabetes mellitus, smoking and, particularly, baseline brachial artery diameter are potential confounding factors in the measurement of FMD.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
24153417
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"