journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38589224/machine-learning-based-detection-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Keitaro Akita, Shigetaka Kageyama, Sayumi Suzuki, Kazuto Ohno, Masamitsu Kamakura, Ryuzo Nawada, Chiei Takanaka, Yasushi Wakabayashi, Takahiro Kanda, Kei Tawarahara, Masahiro Mutoh, Masaki Matsunaga, Satoru Suwa, Yasuyo Takeuchi, Hiroki Sakamoto, Hideki Saito, Kazusa Hayashi, Nobuyuki Wakahara, Kyoko Unno, Takenori Ikoma, Ryota Sato, Keisuke Iguchi, Terumori Satoh, Makoto Sano, Kenichiro Suwa, Yoshihisa Naruse, Hayato Ohtani, Masao Saotome, Yuichiro Maekawa
BACKGROUND: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is often concomitant with sleep-disordered breathing (SDB), which can cause adverse cardiovascular events. Although an appropriate approach to SDB prevents cardiac remodelling, detection of concomitant SDB in patients with HCM remains suboptimal. Thus, we aimed to develop a machine learning-based discriminant model for SDB in HCM. METHODS: In the present multicentre study, we consecutively registered patients with HCM and performed nocturnal oximetry...
April 8, 2024: Heart
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38580434/reference-ranges-for-ambulatory-heart-rate-measurements-in-a-middle-aged-population
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Anders Paul Persson, Alexandra Måneheim, Johan Economou Lundeberg, Artur Fedorowski, Jeff S Healey, Johan Sundström, Gunnar Engström, Linda S B Johnson
BACKGROUND: Elevated heart rate (HR) predicts cardiovascular disease and mortality, but there are no established normal limits for ambulatory HR. We used data from the Swedish CArdioPulmonary Imaging Study to determine reference ranges for ambulatory HR in a middle-aged population. We also studied clinical correlates of ambulatory HR. METHODS: A 24-hour ECG was registered in 5809 atrial fibrillation-free individuals, aged 50-65 years. A healthy subset (n=3942) was used to establish reference values (excluding persons with beta-blockers, cardiovascular disease, hypertension, heart failure, anaemia, diabetes, sleep apnoea or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease)...
April 5, 2024: Heart
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38580433/sex-differences-in-the-intensity-of-statin-prescriptions-at-initiation-in-a-primary-care-setting
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Pauline A J Kiss, Alicia Uijl, Annemarijn R de Boer, Tessa C X Duk, Diederick E Grobbee, Monika Hollander, Elisabeth Smits, Miriam C J M Sturkenboom, Sanne A E Peters
BACKGROUND: Current guidelines for the prevention and management of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) provide similar recommendations for the use of statins in both women and men. In this study, we assessed sex differences in the intensity of statin prescriptions at initiation and in the achievement of treatment targets, among individuals without and with CVD, in a primary care setting. METHODS: Electronic health record data from statin users were extracted from the PHARMO Data Network...
April 5, 2024: Heart
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38569853/twenty-four-hour-blood-pressure-trajectories-and-clinical-outcomes-in-patients-who-had-an-acute-ischaemic-stroke
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ruirui Wang, Yang Liu, Qilu Zhang, Jing Zhang, Hao Peng, Mengyao Shi, Yanbo Peng, Tian Xu, Aili Wang, Tan Xu, Jing Chen, Yonghong Zhang, Jiang He
OBJECTIVE: The management of blood pressure (BP) in acute ischaemic stroke remains a subject of controversy. This investigation aimed to explore the relationship between 24-hour BP patterns following ischaemic stroke and clinical outcomes. METHODS: A cohort of 4069 patients who had an acute ischaemic stroke from 26 hospitals was examined. Five systolic BP trajectories were identified by using latent mixture modelling: trajectory category 5 (190-170 mm Hg), trajectory category 4 (180-140 mm Hg), trajectory category 3 (170-160 mm Hg), trajectory category 2 (155-145 mm Hg) and trajectory category 1 (150-130 mm Hg)...
April 3, 2024: Heart
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38548319/microvascular-disease-and-arrhythmias-a-renewed-focus-on-the-myocardial-microvasculature
#5
EDITORIAL
Celine Gallagher, Gemma Wilson, Dennis H Lau
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 28, 2024: Heart
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38514173/microvascular-disease-modifiable-risk-factor-profiles-and-incident-arrhythmias-in-type-2-diabetes
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Guo-Chong Chen, Daniel Nyarko Hukportie, Wei-Dong Fan, Jie-Qiong Lyu, Hai-Peng Wang, Liqiang Qin, Xian-Bo Wu, Fu-Rong Li
BACKGROUND: To assess the roles of diabetic microvascular disease and modifiable risk factors and their combination in the development of arrhythmias. METHODS: We included participants with type 2 diabetes (T2D) who were free of arrhythmias during recruitment in the UK Biobank study. The associations of microvascular disease states (defined by the presence of retinopathy, peripheral neuropathy or chronic kidney disease), four modifiable arrhythmic risk factors (body mass index, smoking, systolic blood pressure and glycosylated haemoglobin) and their joint associations with incident arrhythmias were examined...
March 21, 2024: Heart
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38503487/presence-and-utility-of-electrocardiographic-abnormalities-in-long-term-childhood-cancer-survivors
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Esmée C de Baat, Remy Merkx, Jan M Leerink, Coen Boerhout, Heleen J H van der Pal, Elvira C van Dalen, Jacqueline Loonen, Dorine Bresters, Eline van Dulmen-den Broeder, Margriet van der Heiden-van der Loo, Marry M van den Heuvel, Judith L Kok, Marloes Louwerens, Sebastian J C M M Neggers, Cecline M Ronckers, Jop C Teepen, Wim J E Tissing, Andrica C de Vries, Livia Kapusta, Leontien C M Kremer, Annelies M C Mavinkurve-Groothuis, Wouter E M Kok, Elizabeth A M Feijen
BACKGROUND: We assessed the prevalence and diagnostic value of ECG abnormalities for cardiomyopathy surveillance in childhood cancer survivors. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 1381 survivors (≥5 years) from the Dutch Childhood Cancer Survivor Study part 2 and 272 siblings underwent a long-term follow-up ECG and echocardiography. We compared ECG abnormality prevalences using the Minnesota Code between survivors and siblings, and within biplane left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) categories...
March 19, 2024: Heart
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38485210/effectiveness-of-polypill-for-primary-and-secondary-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease-a-pragmatic-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-polypars
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Fatemeh Malekzadeh, Abdullah Gandomkar, Hossein Poustchi, Arash Etemadi, Gholamreza Roshandel, Armin Attar, Firoozeh Abtahi, Shahrokh Sadeghi Boogar, Vahid Mohammadkarimi, Mohammad Reza Fattahi, Abbas Mohagheghi, Reza Malekzadeh, Sadaf G Sepanlou
BACKGROUND: We aimed to investigate the effectiveness of fixed-dose combination therapy (polypill) for primary and secondary prevention of major cardiovascular diseases in a typical rural setting. METHODS: The PolyPars Study is a two-arm pragmatic cluster-randomised trial nested within the PARS cohort study, including all residents aged over 50 years in the entire district in southern Iran. The 91 villages underwent random allocation into two arms: the control arm, encompassing 45 clusters, was subjected to non-pharmacological intervention (educational training on healthy lifestyle), whereas the intervention arm, comprising 46 clusters, received the non-pharmacological interventions in conjunction with a once-daily polypill tablet...
March 14, 2024: Heart
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38471730/birth-cohort-effects-on-diagnosed-atrial-fibrillation-incidence-nationwide-cohort-study-from-1980-to-2018
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nicklas Vinter, Pia Cordsen, Søren Paaske Johnsen, Emelia J Benjamin, Lars Frost, Ludovic Trinquart
BACKGROUND: The incidence of atrial fibrillation (AF) shows substantial temporal trends, but the contribution of birth cohort effects is unknown. These effects refer to the relationship between birth year and the likelihood of developing AF. We aimed to assess trends in cumulative incidence of diagnosed AF across birth cohorts and to disentangle the effects of age, birth cohort and calendar period by using age-period-cohort analyses. METHODS: In a Danish nationwide population-based cohort study, 4...
March 12, 2024: Heart
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38471729/the-role-of-covid-19-vaccines-in-preventing-post-covid-19-thromboembolic-and-cardiovascular-complications
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Núria Mercadé-Besora, Xintong Li, Raivo Kolde, Nhung Th Trinh, Maria T Sanchez-Santos, Wai Yi Man, Elena Roel, Carlen Reyes, Antonella Delmestri, Hedvig M E Nordeng, Anneli Uusküla, Talita Duarte-Salles, Clara Prats, Daniel Prieto-Alhambra, Annika M Jödicke, Martí Català
OBJECTIVE: To study the association between COVID-19 vaccination and the risk of post-COVID-19 cardiac and thromboembolic complications. METHODS: We conducted a staggered cohort study based on national vaccination campaigns using electronic health records from the UK, Spain and Estonia. Vaccine rollout was grouped into four stages with predefined enrolment periods. Each stage included all individuals eligible for vaccination, with no previous SARS-CoV-2 infection or COVID-19 vaccine at the start date...
March 12, 2024: Heart
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38471728/birth-cohort-effect-in-atrial-fibrillation-a-matter-of-detection
#11
EDITORIAL
Michelle Samuel, Michiel Rienstra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 12, 2024: Heart
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38471727/european-society-of-cardiology-0-1-hour-algorithm-high-sensitivity-cardiac-troponin-t-performance-across-distinct-age-groups
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Marissa J Millard, Nicklaus P Ashburn, Anna C Snavely, Tara Hashemian, Michael Supples, Brandon Allen, Robert Christenson, Troy Madsen, James McCord, Bryn Mumma, Jason Stopyra, Richard Gentry Wilkerson, Simon A Mahler
BACKGROUND: To determine if the European Society of Cardiology 0/1-hour (ESC 0/1-h) algorithm with high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) meets the ≥99% negative predictive value (NPV) safety threshold for 30-day cardiac death or myocardial infarction (MI) in older, middle-aged and young subgroups. METHODS: We conducted a subgroup analysis of adult emergency department patients with chest pain prospectively enrolled from eight US sites (January 2017 to September 2018)...
March 12, 2024: Heart
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38388470/percutaneous-intramyocardial-septal-radiofrequency-ablation-after-5-year-follow-up
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Shengjun Ta, Jing Li, David H Hsi, Rui Hu, Changhui Lei, Bo Shan, Wenxia Li, Jing Wang, Bo Wang, Nan Kang, Xiaojuan Li, Jiani Liu, Caixia Qi, Junzhe Huang, Yupeng Han, Fangqi Ruan, Jun Zhang, Liwen Liu
OBJECTIVE: The objective is to evaluate the 5-year follow-up results of percutaneous intramyocardial septal radiofrequency ablation (PIMSRA) for hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM), including clinical status, electrocardiographic and echocardiographic characteristics. METHODS: 27 patients (age: 44.3±15.5 years; 67% men, 33% women) with severely symptomatic HOCM who underwent PIMSRA from October 2016 to September 2017 were included. Their clinical status, resting and exercise stress echocardiography, electrocardiography and cardiac MRI (CMRI) after long-term follow-up were assessed...
February 22, 2024: Heart
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38388469/association-of-pulmonary-hypertension-with-the-outcome-in-patients-undergoing-edge-to-edge-mitral-valve-repair
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Timm Ubben, Christian Frerker, Buntaro Fujita, Stephan Rosenkranz, Roman Pfister, Stephan Baldus, Hannes Alessandrini, Karl-Heinz Kuck, Stephan Willems, Ingo Eitel, Tobias Schmidt
OBJECTIVES: The association of pulmonary hypertension (PH) with the outcome after mitral transcatheter edge-to-edge repair (M-TEER) focusing on the new ESC/ERS guidelines definition for PH. BACKGROUND: PH is frequently found in patients with mitral regurgitation and is associated with lower survival rates. Recent studies were based on echocardiographic parameters, but results based on invasive haemodynamics differentiating distinct types of PH using the new definition for PH are missing...
February 22, 2024: Heart
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38360056/artificial-intelligence-to-improve-the-diagnosis-of-pulmonary-hypertension-promises-and-pitfalls
#15
EDITORIAL
Namisha Singh, Sanjay Mehta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2024: Heart
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38346787/comparison-of-definitive-approaches-for-conotruncal-defects-following-bidirectional-glenn-procedure
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yuze Liu, Qiyu He, Zheng Dou, Kai Ma, Xinjie Lin, Shoujun Li
BACKGROUND: Staged repair is common for complex conotruncal defects, often involving bidirectional Glenn (BDG) procedure. Following the cavopulmonary shunt, both Fontan completion and biventricular conversion (BiVC) serve as definitive approaches. The optimal strategy remains controversial. METHODS: The baseline, perioperative and follow-up data were obtained for all paediatric patients with conotruncal defects who underwent BDG procedure as palliation in Fuwai Hospital from 2013 to 2022...
February 12, 2024: Heart
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38103912/cardiovascular-sequelae-of-trastuzumab-and-anthracycline-in-long-term-survivors-of-breast-cancer
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Claire Glen, Andrew Morrow, Giles Roditi, Tracey Hopkins, Iain Macpherson, Philip Stewart, Mark C Petrie, Colin Berry, Fred Epstein, Ninian N Lang, Kenneth Mangion
OBJECTIVES: Long-term follow-up of patients treated with trastuzumab largely focuses on those with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) on treatment completion. This study sought to evaluate the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors, overt cardiovascular disease and cardiac imaging abnormalities using cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR), in participants with normal LVEF on completion of trastuzumab±anthracycline therapy at least 5 years previously. METHODS: Participants with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-positive breast cancer treated with trastuzumab±anthracycline ≥5 years previously were identified from a clinical database...
February 12, 2024: Heart
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38331560/colchicine-in-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-disease
#18
REVIEW
Bradley Tucker, Neil Goonetilleke, Sanjay Patel, Anthony Keech
Inflammation has a direct role in the development of atherosclerotic vascular disease, and oral colchicine displays broad anti-inflammatory properties. Several large, randomised controlled trials (RCTs) have evaluated colchicine's impact on cardiovascular outcomes. Results from a meta-analysis of these trials demonstrate that colchicine reduces the risk of recurrent major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) by 25%, leading to its recent approval by the Food and Drug Administration for the treatment and prevention of cardiovascular disease...
February 8, 2024: Heart
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38331559/adherence-in-a-fortnight-is-this-a-true-reflection-of-a-lifetime
#19
EDITORIAL
Suraya H Kamsani, Melissa E Middeldorp
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2024: Heart
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38302263/cardiac-rehabilitation-the-gateway-for-secondary-prevention
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sherrie Khadanga, Patrick Savage, Steven Keteyian, Blair Yant, Diann Gaalema, Philip Ades
Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is a multidisciplinary supervised programme which typically consists of tailored exercise and education on lifestyle management and risk factor modification in cardiac patients. Participation in CR reduces morbidity and mortality, while improving quality of life following major cardiovascular events. Despite the benefits of CR, it is underutilised, generally in the 20%-30% range for eligible patients. Participation and adherence rates are particularly suboptimal in vulnerable populations, such as those of lower socioeconomic status and women...
February 1, 2024: Heart
journal
journal
20116
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.