COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

(18)F-FDG PET/CT-positive internal mammary lymph nodes: pathologic correlation by ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration and assessment of associated risk factors

Carolyn L Wang, Marna J Eissa, James V Rogers, Aleksandr Y Aravkin, Bruce A Porter, J David Beatty
AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology 2013, 200 (5): 1138-44
23617501

OBJECTIVE: Metastatic breast cancer in internal mammary (IM) lymph nodes is associated with a poor prognosis. This study correlates (18)F-FDG PET/CT-positive IM lymph nodes with ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (FNA) cytopathologic results and determines risk factors for IM node positivity on PET/CT.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: For this retrospective study, a database search was performed to identify patients referred for whole-body (18)F-FDG PET/CT for initial staging or restaging of breast cancer from January 1, 2005, through December 31, 2010. The radiology reports and images were reviewed for patients with (18)F-FDG-avid IM lymph nodes on PET/ CT and correlated with the cytopathologic results from FNA of selected PET/CT-positive IM lymph nodes. The patients with positive IM nodes on PET/CT who underwent PET/CT for initial staging were compared against age-matched and tumor size-matched patients to identify risk factors for IM node positivity on PET/CT.

RESULTS: One hundred ten of 1259 patients (9%) had an (18)F-FDG-avid IM lymph node on PET/CT. Twenty-five patients underwent ultrasound-guided FNA of a suspicious IM node, and 20 IM lymph nodes (80%) were cytologically proven metastases from the primary breast malignancy. High tumor grade, the presence of lymphovascular invasion (LVI), and triple receptor-negative hormonal receptor status were found to be significant risk factors for IM node positivity on PET/CT (p < 0.05).

CONCLUSION: Although fewer than 10% of breast cancer patients have positive IM nodes on (18)F-FDG PET/CT performed for initial staging or restaging, a positive IM node indicates a very high likelihood of malignant involvement on ultrasound-guided FNA. The presences of high tumor grade, LVI, or triple receptor-negative status are risk factors for IM node positivity on (18)F-FDG PET/CT.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
23617501
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"