Curcumin inhibits TGFβ1-induced CCN2 via Src, JNK, and Smad3 in gingiva

W-H Yang, M Y-P Kuo, C-M Liu, Y-T Deng, H-H Chang, J Z-C Chang
Journal of Dental Research 2013, 92 (7): 629-34
Transforming growth factor β (TGFβ) is a key regulator associated with the pathogenesis of gingival overgrowth (GO). Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF/CCN2) is overexpressed in GO tissues. CCN2 promotes and sustains fibrosis initiated by TGFβ. Previous studies have shown that JNK and Smad3 activation is required for TGFβ-induced CCN2 expressions in human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs). In this study, we have found that Src is a major signaling mediator for TGFβ-induced CCN2 expressions in HGFs. Pre-treatment with 2 Src kinase inhibitors (PP2, Src inhibitor-1) significantly reduced TGFβ1-induced CCN2 synthesis and JNK and Smad3 activation in HGFs. These results suggest that Src is an upstream signaling transducer of JNK and Smad3 with respect to TGFβ1-stimulated CCN2 expression in HGFs. We further found that curcumin significantly abrogated the TGFβ1-induced CCN2 in HGFs by inhibiting the phosphorylations of Src, JNK, and Smad3. Furthermore, curcumin inhibited TGFβ1-induced HGF migration and α-SMA expression. Curcumin potentially qualifies as a useful agent for the control of GO.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"