Syntheses, photoluminescence, and electroluminescence of a series of iridium complexes with trifluoromethyl-substituted 2-phenylpyridine as the main ligands and tetraphenylimidodiphosphinate as the ancillary ligand

Qiu-Lei Xu, Cheng-Cheng Wang, Tian-Yi Li, Ming-Yu Teng, Song Zhang, Yi-Ming Jing, Xu Yang, Wei-Nan Li, Chen Lin, You-Xuan Zheng, Jing-Lin Zuo, Xiao-Zeng You
Inorganic Chemistry 2013 May 6, 52 (9): 4916-25
Five bis-cyclometalated iridium complexes with tifluoromethyl-substituted 2-phenylpyridine (ppy) at different positions of its phenyl group as the main ligands and tetraphenylimidodiphosphinate (tpip) as the ancillary ligand, 2-6 (1 is a trifluoromethyl-free complex), were prepared, and their X-ray crystallography, photoluminescence, and electrochemistry were investigated. The number and positions of trifluoromethyl groups at the phenyl ring of ppy greatly affected the emission spectra of Ir(3+) complexes, and their corresponding emission peaks at 533, 502, 524, 480, and 542 nm were observed at room temperature, respectively. Constructed with complexes 2-6 as the emitters, respectively, the organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) with the structure of indium-tin oxide/1,1-bis[4-(di-p-tolylamino)phenyl]cyclohexane (30 nm)/Ir (x wt %):bis[3,5-bis(9H-carbazol-9-yl)phenyl]diphenylsilane (15 nm)/1,3,5-tris(1-phenyl-1H-benzo[d]imidazol-2-yl)phenyl (45 nm)/LiF (1 nm)/Al (100 nm) showed good performances. Particularly, device G4 based on 4-trifluoromethyl-substituted complex 4 with x = 8 wt % obtained a maximum luminance of over 39000 cd m(-2) and maximum luminance efficiency (η(L)) and power efficiency (η(p)) of 50.8 cd A(-1) and 29.0 lm W(-1), respectively. The results suggested that all of the complexes 2-6 would have potential applications in OLEDs.

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