New insight into the binding mode of peptides at urotensin-II receptor by Trp-constrained analogues of P5U and urantide

Alfonso Carotenuto, Luigia Auriemma, Francesco Merlino, Antonio Limatola, Pietro Campiglia, Isabel Gomez-Monterrey, Roberta d'Emmanuele di Villa Bianca, Diego Brancaccio, Paolo Santicioli, Stefania Meini, Carlo Alberto Maggi, Ettore Novellino, Paolo Grieco
Journal of Peptide Science 2013, 19 (5): 293-300
Urotensin II (U-II) is a disulfide bridged peptide hormone identified as the ligand of a G-protein-coupled receptor. Human U-II (H-Glu-Thr-Pro-Asp-c[Cys-Phe-Trp-Lys-Tyr-Cys]-Val-OH) has been described as the most potent vasoconstrictor compound identified to date. We have recently identified both a superagonist of human U-II termed P5U (H-Asp-c[Pen-Phe-Trp-Lys-Tyr-Cys]-Val-OH) and the compound termed urantide (H-Asp-c[Pen-Phe-D-Trp-Orn-Tyr-Cys]-Val-OH), which is the most potent UT receptor peptide antagonist described to date. In the present study, we have synthesized four analogues of P5U and urantide in which the Trp(7) residue was replaced by the highly constrained L-Tpi and D-Tpi residues. The replacement of the Trp(7) by Tpi led to active analogues. Solution NMR analysis allowed improving the knowledge on conformation-activity relationships previously reported on UT receptor ligands.

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