A phase 2 open-label safety and immunogenicity study of a meningococcal B bivalent rLP2086 vaccine in healthy adults

Helen S Marshall, Peter C Richmond, Michael D Nissen, Ann Wouters, James Baber, Qin Jiang, Annaliesa S Anderson, Thomas R Jones, Shannon L Harris, Kathrin U Jansen, John L Perez
Vaccine 2013 March 15, 31 (12): 1569-75

BACKGROUND: Neisseria meningitidis serogroup B (MnB) is a leading cause of bacterial meningitis and septicemia in adolescents and young adults. No currently licensed and available vaccine has been shown to provide broad protection against endemic MnB disease. A bivalent rLP2086 vaccine based on two factor H-binding proteins (fHBPs) has been developed to provide broad protection against MnB disease-causing strains.

METHODS: This study assessed the safety and immunogenicity of the final formulation of a bivalent rLP2086 vaccine in 60 healthy adults (18-40 years of age) receiving 120 μg doses at 0, 1, and 6 months. Safety was assessed by collecting solicited reactogenicity data and participant-reporting of adverse events. Immunogenicity was evaluated by human serum bactericidal assay (hSBA) against 5 MnB strains expressing distinct fHBP variants and fHBP-specific immunoglobulin G titre.

RESULTS: After each immunisation, local reactions such as pain at the injection site and erythema were generally mild or moderate. The most common vaccine-related adverse event was upper respiratory tract infection, which was reported by two participants. Seroprotection (hSBA titres ≥ 1:4) was achieved in 94.3% of participants against a MnB strain expressing the vaccine-homologous fHBP variant A05 and 70.0%-94.7% against MnB strains expressing the heterologous fHBP variants B02, A22, B44, and B24. Seroconversion rates (≥ 4-fold rise in hSBA titres) ranged from 70.0% to 94.7% across the five MnB test strains following the 3-dose vaccination regimen. Immunogenicity responses tended to increase upon subsequent vaccine doses.

CONCLUSIONS: Bivalent rLP2086 is a promising vaccine candidate for broad protection against MnB disease-causing strains.

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