Diagnosis and treatment of cerebral venous thrombosis

Christian Weimar, Florian Masuhr, Karim Hajjar
Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy 2012, 10 (12): 1545-53
Dural sinus or cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is a frequently unrecognized cause of stroke affecting predominantly young women. Typical clinical signs include headache, visual problems and seizures. Both computed tomography and magnetic resonance venous angiography are suitable for the detection of CVT, although magnetic resonance angiography is more sensitive to detect small cortical venous thrombosis. Evidence for efficacy of initial treatment with heparin in acute CVT comes from two randomized placebo-controlled studies that together included 79 patients. Although not evidence-based, postacute treatment with oral anticoagulation is recommended for up to 12 months after CVT. Long-term anticoagulation is recommended only in patients suffering from a severe coagulopathy or with recurrent CVT.

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