Persistence of antibodies for 42 months following vaccination of adolescents with a meningococcal serogroups A, C, W-135, and Y tetanus toxoid conjugate vaccine (MenACWY-TT)

Lars Østergaard, Marie Van der Wielen, Veronique Bianco, Jacqueline M Miller
International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID 2013, 17 (3): e173-6

OBJECTIVES: A primary dose of the European Union (EU)-licensed meningococcal A, C, W-135, and Y tetanus toxoid conjugate vaccine (MenACWY-TT) was immunogenic and well-tolerated in subjects aged 15-19 years. This study assessed antibody persistence at 3.5 years after vaccination with a MenACWY-TT or a tetravalent ACWY polysaccharide vaccine (MenPS, control).

METHODS: In the original study, participants were randomized to receive a single dose of MenACWY-TT or MenPS. Serum bactericidal activity using rabbit serum as exogenous complement source was evaluated up to 42 months post-vaccination.

RESULTS: At 42 months post-vaccination with MenACWY-TT (n = 19) or MenPS (n = 17), all subjects in each group had serum bactericidal activity titers ≥1:8 against all serogroups, except for two subjects in the MenPS group against serogroup C. Geometric mean antibody titers were higher than pre-vaccination levels at all post-vaccination time-points in both groups, and were significantly higher in the MenACWY-TT group versus the MenPS group for serogroup W-135 at month 42 (exploratory analysis).

CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that seroprotection following primary vaccination with MenACWY-TT extends more than 3 years. Ongoing persistence data are required to understand the duration of protection following vaccination and to guide decisions on the need for future booster doses.

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