Evaluation of urinary biomarkers for the prognosis of drug-associated chronic tubulointerstitial nephritis

Yingjin Shi, Tao Su, Lei Qu, Caili Wang, Xiaomei Li, Li Yang
American Journal of the Medical Sciences 2013, 346 (4): 283-8

BACKGROUND: The efficacy of urinary biomarkers for predicting adverse clinical outcomes in drug-induced chronic tubulointerstitial nephritis (D-CTIN) has not been well described.

METHODS: A total of 54 patients with D-CTIN were prospectively followed-up in this study. The urinary excretion of α1-microglobulin and transforming growth factor-β1 and the activity of urinary N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminidase (NAG) and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) 2 and 9 at baseline were measured. Changes in the estimated glomerular filtration rate (GFR) over a period of 11 to 54 months (median, 38 months) of follow-up were recorded. The efficacy of urinary biomarkers for differentiating patients with various outcomes was tested. Ten patients with IgA nephropathy and 20 healthy volunteers were enrolled as controls.

RESULTS: The areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve for urinary NAG, MMP-9, MMP-2 and α1-microglobulin for predicting deterioration of the estimated GFR were 0.879, 0.867, 0.735 and 0.709, respectively (P < 0.05 for all). Partial regression coefficient results demonstrated that urinary NAG (P = 0.02), MMP-2 (P = 0.046) and MMP-9 (P = 0.041) were inversely correlated with the rate of GFR decline.

CONCLUSIONS: Urinary NAG, MMP-2 and MMP-9 may be considered as possible candidates for forecasting the progression rate of D-CTIN.

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