Antithrombotic drug uses and deep intracerebral hemorrhages in stroke patients with deep cerebral microbleeds

Toshio Imaizumi, Shigeru Inamura, Ikuhide Kohama, Kazuhisa Yoshifuji, Tatsufumi Nomura, Katsuya Komatsu
Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association 2013, 22 (6): 869-75

BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that antiplatelet or anticoagulant drugs elevate the rate of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) in patients with cerebral microbleeds (MBs). To investigate the mechanism by which antiplatelet drugs or warfarin may contribute to deep ICH occurrences in patients with deep MBs, we prospectively analyzed deep ICH occurrences in 807 consecutive patients (351 females and 456 males; mean age ± standard deviation 69.8 ± 12.0 years) who were admitted to our hospital with strokes.

METHODS: Occurrence-free rate curves were generated using the Kaplan-Meier method; deep ICH occurrence-free rates were compared using the log-rank test. The follow-up period was 0.5 to 71 months (mean ± standard deviation 31.6 ± 22.2 months).

RESULTS: In patients with deep MBs, the rates (1.0%/year; 6 ICHs in 180 patients) of deep ICH occurrence associated with antiplatelet drugs were not significantly greater than that without the drugs (1.0%/year; 6 ICHs in 167 patients; P = .977). The incidence of deep ICHs associated with warfarin use was not significantly greater than that without warfarin use.

CONCLUSIONS: Multivariate analysis revealed that the use of antiplatelet drugs or warfarin did not significantly influence the occurrence of deep ICH in patients with deep MBs. Antiplatelet drugs or warfarin did not significantly elevate the rate of deep ICHs in stroke patients with pre-existing deep MBs.

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