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Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/31010765/authors-response-to-barometric-pressure-in-cerebral-amyloid-angiopathy-a-pressure-to-bleed
#1
LETTER
Rajeev Kumar Garg, Bichun Ouyang, Vishal Pandya, Raquel Garcia-Cano, Ivan Da Silva, Deborah Hall, Sayona John, Thomas Pritchett Bleck, Max Berkelhammer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 19, 2019: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31010764/repetitive-episodic-isolated-vertigo-in-a-patient-with-cerebellar-infarction
#2
Miyu Usui, Takafumi Mashiko, Masuko Tsuda, Masayuki Suzuki, Kosuke Matsuzono, Tadashi Ozawa, Yonhee Kim, Haruo Shimazaki, Reiji Koide, Ryota Tanaka, Shigeru Fujimoto
Isolated vertigo is an important symptom of posterior circulation stroke. It has been reported that 11.3% of patients with isolated vertigo have a stroke and that most lesions are located in the cerebellum, particularly in the posterior inferior cerebellar artery. We report the case of a 63-year-old man with multiple atherosclerotic risk factors and atrial fibrillation who showed repeated episodes of isolated vertigo. His repeated vertigo was short-lasting and was often triggered by body position, mimicking benign paroxysmal positional vertigo...
April 19, 2019: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31010763/total-antioxidant-capacity-predicts-outcome-in-acute-ischemic-stroke-subtypes-in-egyptian-patients
#3
Nesma A M Ghonimi, Mohamed E Mahdy, Osama A Abdel Salam
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress after ischemic stroke contributes to neuronal cell injury. We tried to demonstrate an association between total antioxidant capacity (TAC) levels and outcomes after acute ischemic stroke (AIS). METHODS: We enrolled 60 patients (36 females and 24 males) who were admitted to our hospital due to AIS, in addition to 30 age and sex-matched healthy controls. TAC levels were measured on day 1 of stroke onset, the relationships between TAC levels, stroke subtypes, and clinical outcomes based on the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale and modified Rankin scale upon discharge were evaluated...
April 19, 2019: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31010762/acute-stroke-trial-enrollment-through-a-telemedicine-network-a-12-year-experience
#4
Hazem Shoirah, Lawrence R Wechsler, Tudor G Jovin, Ashutosh P Jadhav
BACKGROUND: A major barrier to acute stroke trial enrollment is timely access to participating centers. Establishing referral relationships via telemedicine may broaden trial access. We sought to understand the utilization of telemedicine in trial enrollment at a large academic center. METHODS: This is a single center, retrospective review of subjects consecutively enrolled into cerebrovascular trials requiring urgent consent between January 2005 and December 2016...
April 19, 2019: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31006519/paradoxical-brain-embolism-caused-by-isolated-pulmonary-arteriovenous-fistula-successfully-treated-with-recombinant-tissue-plasminogen-activator
#5
Itsuki Hasegawa, Takato Abe, Toshikazu Mino, Kousuke Okamoto, Akitoshi Takeda, Yoshiaki Itoh
Pulmonary arteriovenous fistula (PAVF), a vessel malformation connecting the pulmonary circulation to the systemic circulation while bypassing the pulmonary capillaries, can cause paradoxical cerebral infarction. It is often associated with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT), a genetic disease characterized by multiple dermal, mucosal, and visceral telangiectasia causing recurrent bleeding. Paradoxical cerebral embolism caused by PAVF without HHT is rare. Here, we report a patient with isolated PAVF who experienced an ischemic stroke caused by a paradoxical embolism from deep venous thrombosis; the patient was successfully treated with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator...
April 18, 2019: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31005561/effectiveness-of-nonvitamin-k-antagonist-oral-anticoagulants-and-warfarin-for-preventing-further-cerebral-microbleeds-in-acute-ischemic-stroke-patients-with-nonvalvular-atrial-fibrillation-and-at-least-one-microbleed-cmb-now-multisite-pilot-trial
#6
Mutsumi Yokoyama, Atsushi Mizuma, Tohru Terao, Fumiaki Tanaka, Kazutoshi Nishiyama, Yasuhiro Hasegawa, Eiichiro Nagata, Shigeru Nogawa, Hiroyuki Kobayashi, Noriharu Yanagimachi, Takashi Okazaki, Kazuo Kitagawa, Shunya Takizawa
BACKGROUND: Nonvitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) are considered superior, or at least noninferior, to warfarin in preventing stroke or systemic embolism in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation. Here, we recruited acute ischemic stroke patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation and at least one cerebral microbleed (CMB), and evaluated the proportion of patients who had an increased number of CMBs (%) after receiving anticoagulant therapy with NOACs or with warfarin for 12 months...
April 18, 2019: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31005562/risk-factors-for-pressure-sores-in-hospitalized-acute-ischemic-stroke-patients
#7
Xiaoling Liao, Yi Ju, Gaifen Liu, Xingquan Zhao, Yilong Wang, Yongjun Wang
BACKGROUND: Acute ischemic stroke patients are a group at high risk for pressure sores. It is important to identify risk factors for pressure sores in acute ischemic stroke patients in order to facilitate early adoption of appropriate preventive and treatment measures. METHODS: Data were derived from the China National Stroke Registry. Acute ischemic stroke patients aged >18 years who presented at the hospital within 14 days after the onset of symptoms were eligible for this study...
April 17, 2019: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31000450/increasing-the-risk-of-stroke-by-opium-addiction
#8
Seyed Mohammad Mousavi-Mirzaei, Abolfazl Talebi, Alireza Amirabadizadeh, Samaneh Nakhaee, Ghodsieh Azarkar, Omid Mehrpour
INTRODUCTION: Stroke is among the leading causes of mortality and morbidity in the world. Besides the identified risk factor, Ischemic stroke evidence show drug use develops or exacerbates the atherosclerotic process. The current study aimed at comparing cerebrovascular ultrasounds' changes in addicted and nonaddicted people who developed ischemic stroke. METHODS: In the current cross-sectional study, a total of 133 patients with ischemic stroke who were admitted to Vali-Asr hospital from June 2016 to April 2017 were enrolled...
April 15, 2019: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31000449/association-between-baseline-serum-ferritin-and-short-term-outcome-of-intracerebral-hemorrhage-a-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Mijuan Zhang, Wei Li, Tao Wang, Qian Zhang
BACKGROUND: Intracerebral hemorrhage is a devastating disease. In recent years, the association of between baseline serum ferritin and prognosis of intracerebral hemorrhage is an interesting issue. Although some of the studies have shown that baseline serum ferritin can predict the prognosis of intracerebral hemorrhage, there is no clear evidence that baseline serum ferritin can be used as an independent predictor of intracerebral hemorrhage. METHODS: Electronic databases through November 2018 were searched to identify relevant studies that examined association between baseline serum ferritin and prognosis of intracerebral hemorrhage...
April 15, 2019: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30992229/comment-on-the-enhancing-effect-of-focused-ultrasound-on-tnk-tissue-plasminogen-activator-induced-thrombolysis-using-an-in-vitro-circulating-flow-model
#10
LETTER
Nicolas Papadopoulos, Christakis Damianou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 13, 2019: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30982718/pretreatment-blood-pressure-is-a-simple-predictor-of-hemorrhagic-infarction-after-intravenous-recombinant-tissue-plasminogen-activator-rt-pa-therapy
#11
Ryo Ohtani, Michikazu Nakamura, Shinsuke Nirengi, Osamu Kawakami, Jumpei Togawa, Kento Doi, Makoto Sainouchi, Yasuhiro Kuwata, Masaki Takata, Yuichi Masuda, Ryota Matsunari, Kiyoaki Takeda, Tetsuya Tsukahara, Naoki Sakane
BACKGROUND: Hemorrhagic infarction (HI) is among the most severe complications that can occur following the administration of intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA). In the present study, we aimed to determine the optimal cut-off points of blood pressure (BP) for HI after rt-PA treatment, and to compare our findings with those for other prediction models. METHODS: We analyzed data from 109 consecutive patients with stroke treated at our hospital between 2009 and 2016...
April 11, 2019: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30982717/recent-trends-in-electively-treated-unruptured-intracranial-aneurysms
#12
Hisham Salahuddin, Nauman Siddiqui, Alicia C Castonguay, Mark Johnson, Syed F Zaidi, Mouhammad A Jumaa
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To determine recent treatment and outcome trends in patients undergoing elective surgical clipping (SC) or endovascular therapy (EVT) for unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIAs) in the United States. METHODS: Data were extracted and analyzed from the National Inpatient Sample, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality for all patients admitted for elective EVT or SC of UIAs between 2011 and 2014...
April 11, 2019: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30981584/predictors-of-oral-feeding-resumption-after-stroke-in-a-rehabilitation-hospital-a-retrospective-study
#13
Irene Calvo, Nicole Pizzorni, Giulia Gilardone, Flavia Mayer, Nicola Vanacore, Valentina Buraschi, Marco Gilardone, Massimo Corbo
BACKGROUND: Dysphagia is common after stroke, requiring exclusive enteral feeding in 20% of patients. Recovery of oral feeding is associated with increased quality of life, better functional outcomes, and decreased mortality rates. However, evidence is heterogeneous and not conclusive on which factors are predictive of oral feeding recovery for stroke patients in rehabilitation units. AIM: To investigate predictors of complete oral feeding recovery. DESIGN: Retrospective study...
April 10, 2019: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30981583/predictors-for-functional-outcome-in-patients-with-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-who-completed-in-hospital-rehabilitation-in-a-single-institution
#14
Yushin Takemoto, Yu Hasegawa, Akihito Hashiguchi, Koichi Moroki, Hajime Tokuda, Akitake Mukasa
BACKGROUND: Although many studies evaluated independent prognosis factors of functional outcome in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) at a suitable time point, some patients take a long time to get functional improvement. The purpose of this study is to evaluate predictors for functional outcome in SAH patients who underwent surgical clipping and in-hospital rehabilitation in our single institution using Modified Rankin Scale (MRS) and Barthel Index (BI). METHODS: Two-hundred fifty-one SAH patients were admitted to our hospital from January 2008 to December 2017...
April 10, 2019: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30981582/angiographical-jaggy-sign-of-remnant-m2-occlusion-during-acute-mechanical-thrombectomy
#15
Rei Yamaguchi, Masanori Aihara, Tatsuya Shimizu, Koji Sato, Hiroya Fujimaki, Ken Asakura, Masahiko Tosaka, Yuhei Yoshimoto
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: During mechanical thrombectomy for acute main trunk occlusion, we sometimes encounter difficult situation; 1 M2 branch of the middle cerebral artery is successfully recanalized, while the other remains occluded. In this study, we focused on the angiographical findings of remnant occlusion. METHODS: Among 83 patients who underwent mechanical thrombectomy for the acute internal carotid artery or proximal middle cerebral artery (M1) occlusion, 25 patients (30%) intraoperatively exhibited the remnant M2 occlusion, in spite of the recanalization of the other M2...
April 10, 2019: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30981581/improving-prognostic-evaluation-by-4d-cta-for-endovascular-treatment-in-acute-ischemic-stroke-patients-a-preliminary-study
#16
Ruoyao Cao, Peng Qi, Yinhong Liu, Xinxin Ma, Zhengyin Shen, Juan Chen
OBJECTIVE: We aim to use 4D CTA with a comprehensive and objective scoring system to assess collateral circulation, and explore the value of prognosis prediction in endovascular treated patients. METHODS: Thirty-four patients with unilateral anterior circulation large vessels occlusion were reviewed in this study retrospectively. Single-phase CTA (sCTA) and 4D CTA acquired by CT perfusion scanning were analyzed for collateral circulation assessment. The collateral vessels were scored 0-4 according to modified collateral circulation scoring based on 4D CTA...
April 10, 2019: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30981580/comment-on-the-enhancing-effect-of-focused-ultrasound-on-tnk-tissue-plasminogen-activator-induced-thrombolysis-using-an-in-vitro-circulating-flow-model
#17
LETTER
Laurent Auboire, Jean-Michel Escoffre
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 10, 2019: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30975463/left-thalamus-arteriovenous-malformation-secondary-to-radiation-therapy-of-original-vermian-arteriovenous-malformation-case-report
#18
Carlos Torres-Quinones, Matthew J Koch, Scott B Raymond, Aman Patel
A 70-year-old gentleman with history of hypothyroidism, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, and right superior cerebellar aneurysm presented to the neurosurgery service in 2008 with vertigo. Diagnostic cerebral angiography performed that year demonstrated a vermian arteriovenous malformations (AVM). The patient underwent stereotactic proton beam radiosurgery, which resulted in a decrease in flow and size of the lesion, and the patient was lost to follow-up. Now at the age of 80, the patient presented with acute gait instability...
April 8, 2019: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30975462/transcranial-optical-monitoring-of-cerebral-hemodynamics-in-acute-stroke-patients-during-mechanical-thrombectomy
#19
Rodrigo M Forti, Christopher G Favilla, Jeffrey M Cochran, Wesley B Baker, John A Detre, Scott E Kasner, Michael T Mullen, Steven R Messé, W Andrew Kofke, Ramani Balu, David Kung, Bryan A Pukenas, Neda I Sedora-Roman, Robert W Hurst, Omar A Choudhri, Rickson C Mesquita, Arjun G Yodh
INTRODUCTION: Mechanical thrombectomy is revolutionizing treatment of acute stroke due to large vessel occlusion (LVO). Unfortunately, use of the modified Thrombolysis in Cerebral Infarction score (mTICI) to characterize recanalization of the cerebral vasculature does not address microvascular perfusion of the distal parenchyma, nor provide more than a vascular "snapshot." Thus, little is known about tissue-level hemodynamic consequences of LVO recanalization. Diffuse correlation spectroscopy (DCS) and diffuse optical spectroscopy (DOS) are promising methods for continuous, noninvasive, contrast-free transcranial monitoring of cerebral microvasculature...
April 8, 2019: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30967305/association-of-hyponatremia-and-risk-of-short-and-long-term-mortality-in-patients-with-stroke-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Zhongyun Chen, Qingxia Jia, Chunyan Liu
BACKGROUND: Hyponatremia is the most common electrolyte disorder in the clinic practice and it is closely related to the prognosis of various diseases. Studies reported that hyponatremia increased the risk of stroke mortality while yielded inconsistent findings during the follow-up period. Thus, a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the relationship between hyponatremia and the short-term (within 90 days) and long-term (more than 1 year) prognosis of stroke patients was conducted...
April 6, 2019: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
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