JOURNAL ARTICLE

Suppression of thymus- and activation-regulated chemokine (TARC/CCL17) production by 3-O-β-D-glucopyanosylspinasterol via blocking NF-κB and STAT1 signaling pathways in TNF-α and IFN-γ-induced HaCaT keratinocytes

Mi-ra Jung, Tae Hoon Lee, Myun-Ho Bang, Hakwon Kim, Youngsook Son, Dae Kyun Chung, Jiyoung Kim
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 2012 October 19, 427 (2): 236-41
22943853
A phytosterol derivative, 3-O-β-D-glucopyanosylspinasterol (spinasterol-Glc) isolated from leaves of Stewartia koreana was reported to inhibit LPS-induced cytokine production in macrophage cells. Thymus and activation regulated chemokine (TARC/CCL17) is produced in response to pro-inflammatory cytokines in keratinocytes, which is implicated in the development of inflammatory skin diseases. In present study, we investigated the effect of spinasterol-Glc on production of TARC/CCL17 induced by TNF-α and IFN-γ in human HaCaT keratinocytes. Spinasterol-Glc inhibited the mRNA and protein expression of TARC/CCL17 induced by TNF-α/IFN-γ in a dose-dependent manner. Inhibitors of c-Raf-1, p38 MAPK, and JAK2, suppressed the TNF-α/IFN-γ-induced production of TARC/CCL17, and phosphorylation of these signaling molecules were attenuated by spinasterol-Glc. The compound also inhibited phosphorylation of IKKα/β and IκB-α, and reduced translocation of NF-κB to the nucleus. We demonstrated that spinasterol-Glc suppressed the NF-κB-driven and the GAS-driven expression of luciferase reporter gene induced by TNF-α and IFN-γ. In addition, spinasterol-Glc inhibited the DNA binding of NF-κB and STAT1 to its cognate binding site. These results suggest that spinasterol-Glc has effective inhibitory effects on production of TARC/CCL17 in keratinocytes via inhibition of NF-κB as well as STAT activation, and could be utilized for development of a potential therapeutic agent against skin inflammatory diseases.

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