JOURNAL ARTICLE

Visualization of endolymphatic hydrops and correlation with audio-vestibular functional testing in patients with definite Meniere's disease

Young Joon Seo, Jinna Kim, Jae Young Choi, Won Sang Lee
Auris, Nasus, Larynx 2013, 40 (2): 167-72
22867525

OBJECTIVES: Visulization of endolymphatic hydrops has been reported using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with Meniere's disease. However, the relationship between the endolymphatic hydrops visualized by MRI and audio-vestibular functional tests have not been sufficiently investigated, such as pure tone audiometry (PTA), electrocochleography (EcoG), and vestibular evoked myogenic potential (VEMP).

METHODS: Here we attempted to visualize endolymphatic hydrops in patients with Meniere's disease using 3Tesla (3T)-MRI following intratympanic gadolinium-diethylene-triamnie petaaetic acidbis (Gd-DTPA) injection and correlated the presence of hydrops with auditory testing. Following intratympanic Gd-DTPA contrast injections in 26 patients diagnosed as having definite Meniere's disease, 3D-fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (3D-FLAIR) sequence imagings were performed. The PTA, EcoG, and VEMP testing was done bilaterally. Patients had typical results of auditory testing for Meniere's disease.

RESULTS: The 3D-FLAIR MRI clearly demonstrated endolymphatic hydrops with signal voids in the cochlea (81%) and saccule (69%) in the definite Meniere's disease group. Auditory tests verified that the visualized cochlear hydrops (basal turn) was correlated with a high tone hearing threshold in PTA and an abnormal EcoG. Though the absence of VEMP did not correlate with vestibular hydrops on MRI, large vestibular hydrops were detected by imaging. This study demonstrates that endolymphatic hydrops could be visualized by 3D-FLAIR MRI in Meniere's disease patients.

CONCLUSION: Cochlea hydrops and vestibular (saccular) hydrops are readily visualized using these techniques. Hydrops, as visualized on MRI, may be a reliable means to diagnosis Meniere's disease; this is supported by appropriate correlations with auditory vestibular functional testing.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
22867525
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"