Correlation of the genotype of paragangliomas and pheochromocytomas with their metabolic phenotype on 3,4-dihydroxy-6-18F-fluoro-L-phenylalanin PET

H Christian Rischke, Matthias R Benz, Damian Wild, Michael Mix, Rebecca A Dumont, Dean Campbell, Jochen Seufert, Thorsten Wiech, Jochen Rössler, Wolfgang A Weber, Hartmut P H Neumann
Journal of Nuclear Medicine 2012, 53 (9): 1352-8

UNLABELLED: Paragangliomas and pheochromocytomas are genetically heterogeneous diseases. The purpose of this study was to determine the sensitivity and specificity of PET with 3,4-dihydroxy-6-(18)F-fluoro-L-phenylalanin ((18)F-DOPA) for the detection and staging of pheochromocytomas/paragangliomas. Furthermore, we assessed whether the genotypes of pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas correlate with the uptake of (18)F-DOPA.

METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 101 consecutive patients who underwent (18)F-DOPA PET or (18)F-DOPA PET/CT for known or suspected pheochromocytomas or paragangliomas. Maximum (18)F-DOPA tumor uptake was quantified relative to uptake in the liver.

RESULTS: Histopathology, cross-sectional imaging, and follow-up indicated the presence of paragangliomas and pheochromocytomas in 68 patients and the absence of a tumor in 33 patients. The average (18)F-DOPA uptake by paragangliomas and pheochromocytomas, expressed as a tumor-to-liver ratio, was 5.9 ± 5.2. There was no significant difference in uptake among patients with von Hippel Lindau syndrome (VHL; n = 19), succinate dehydrogenase B-D mutation (n = 21), neurofibromatosis type 1 (n = 1), RET (n = 1), no germline mutation (n = 20), or unknown mutation status (n = 6) (P = 0.84). All 8 patients with an SDHD mutation were true-positive on (18)F-DOPA PET. There were 2 cases of false-negative results each in the group with SDHB (2/12) and VHL mutations (2/19) and 1 false-negative result in the subgroup of patients with unknown mutation status (1/6). Overall, (18)F-DOPA PET yielded a sensitivity of 93% and a specificity of 88% for the detection of paragangliomas and pheochromocytomas on a patient basis (positive and negative predictive value, 94% and 85%, respectively).

CONCLUSION: (18)F-DOPA PET is a sensitive and specific imaging modality for the detection and staging of pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas in different genotypes, including VHL-, SDHB-, and SDHD-mutation carriers, and in patients with no germline mutation.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"