Journal Article
Systematic Review
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

The use of pleural fluid procalcitonin and C-reactive protein in the diagnosis of parapneumonic pleural effusions: a systemic review and meta-analysis.

BACKGROUND: We aimed to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of the diagnostic performance of pleural fluid procalcitonin (PCT) or C-reactive protein (CRP) in differentiating parapneumonic effusion in patients with pleural effusion.

METHODS: We searched the EMBASE, MEDLINE, and Cochrane database in December 2011. Original studies that reported the diagnostic performance of PCT alone or compared with that of other biomarkers for differentiating the characteristics of pleural effusion were included.

RESULTS: We found 6 qualifying studies including 780 patients with suspected parapneumonic effusion and 306 confirmed cases of parapneumonic effusion. Six studies examined the diagnostic performance of pleural fluid PCT, 3 also tested for serum PCT, and another 3 tested for serum CRP. The bivariate pooled sensitivity and specificity were as follows 0.67 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.54-0.78) and 0.70 (95% CI, 0.63-0.76), respectively, for pleural fluid PCT; 0.65 (95% CI, 0.55-0.74) and 0.68 (95% CI, 0.62-0.74), respectively, for serum PCT; and 0.54 (95% CI, 0.47-0.61) and 0.77 (95% CI, 0.72-0.81), respectively, for serum CRP. There was evidence of significant heterogeneity (I(2)=55.0%) for pleural fluid or serum PCT but not for CRP (I(2)=0.0%).

CONCLUSION: The existing literature suggests that both pleural fluid and serum PCT tests have low sensitivity and specificity for differentiating parapneumonic effusion from other etiologies of pleural effusion. Compared with PCT, serum CRP has higher specificity and a higher positive likelihood ratio, and thus, it has a higher rule-in value than PCT.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app