Journals American Journal of Emergency ...

American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Daniel Martin Simadibrata, Julius Calvin, Alya Darin Wijaya, Naufal Arkan Abiyyu Ibrahim
BACKGROUND: The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), an inflammatory marker, was suggested to be predictive of severity and mortality in COVID-19 patients. Here, we investigated whether NLR levels on admission could predict the severity and mortality of COVID-19 patients. METHODS: A literature search was conducted on 23 July 2020 to retrieve all published articles, including grey literature and preprints, investigating the association between on-admission NLR values and severity or mortality in COVID-19 patients...
January 9, 2021: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Lauren E Powell, William J Brady, Robert C Reiser, Daniel J Beckett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 8, 2021: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Martín Otero-Agra, Noemí Santiago-Urgal, María Teresa Hermo-Gonzalo, María Fernández-Méndez, Felipe Fernández-Méndez
OBJECTIVE: To assess the differences in the quality and self-perception of CPR performed with foot technique compared to the standard technique with the hands in nursing students. METHODS: 65 university nursing students participated in a randomized simulation crossover design study. The participants randomly performed two CPR tests: CPR by foot and CPR by hands techniques. The compression-only protocol with a 2-min test was used with the Resusci Anne QCPR® manikin and Wireless Skill Reporter® software, both from Laerdal...
January 8, 2021: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Ilker Akbas, Abdullah Osman Kocak, Sultan Tuna Akgol Gur, Elif Oral Ahiskalioglu, Sinem Dogruyol, Turgut Dolanbay, Mehmet Demir, Zeynep Cakir
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 6, 2021: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Tharwat El Zahran, Hala Mostafa, Hani Hamade, Zeina Mneimneh, Ziad Kazzi, Mazen J El Sayed
BACKGROUND: Between October 2019 and February 2020, massive crowds protested in Lebanon against economic collapse. Various less than lethal weapons including riot control agents and rubber bullets were used by law enforcement, which led to several traumatic and chemical injuries among victims. This study describes the clinical presentation, management, outcome, and healthcare costs of injuries. METHODS: A retrospective review of the hospital records of all the casualties presenting to the Emergency Department of the American University of Beirut Medical Center between October 17th, 2019, and February 29th, 2020, was conducted...
January 5, 2021: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Fang-Ping Xiao, Ming-Yue Chen, Lei Wang, Hao He, Zhi-Qiang Jia, Lin Kuai, Hai-Bo Zhou, Meng Liu, Mei Hong
BACKGROUND: The outcomes of new-onset atrial fibrillation (AF) during sepsis are inconsistent and inconclusive. This meta-analysis aims to provide a comprehensive description of the impact of new-onset AF on the prognosis of sepsis. METHODS: Three electronic databases (PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library) were searched for relevant studies. Meta-analysis was performed using odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) as effect measures. RESULTS: A total of 225,841 patients from 13 individual studies were incorporated to the meta-analysis...
January 5, 2021: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Catherine A Marco, Kunal Gupta, Janet Lubov, Aisha Jamison, Brian Patrick Murray
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 5, 2021: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Furkan Ufuk, Emre Bulgurcu, Tugba Sari
Neutropenic enterocolitis is also known as typhlitis, is characterized by severe inflammation in the bowel loops. It is often seen in immunosuppressed patients, and it has high morbidity and mortality. Although the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) primarily affects the respiratory system and causes COVID-19 (Coronavirus Disease 2019), it may affect hematopoietic and gastrointestinal systems. Herein, we present a rare case of COVID-19-associated pancytopenia and typhlitis in a 60-year-old female who presented with abdominal pain...
January 4, 2021: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Sarah N Pierrie, Rachel B Seymour, Meghan K Wally, Jon Studnek, Allison Infinger, Joseph R Hsu
BACKGROUND: Pelvic fractures represent a small percent of all skeletal injuries but are associated with significant morbidity and mortality secondary to hemodynamic instability from bleeding bone surfaces and disrupted pelvic vasculature. Stabilization of the pelvis prior to arrival at a treatment facility may mitigate the hemodynamic consequences of pelvic ring injuries and improve morbidity and mortality. Whether pelvic compression devices such as pelvic binders or sheets can be safely applied in the prehospital setting has not been well-studied...
January 4, 2021: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Sally Graglia, Hamid Shokoohi, Michael A Loesche, Daniel Dante Yeh, Rachel M Haney, Calvin K Huang, Christina C Morone, Caitlin Springer, Heidi H Kimberly, Andrew S Liteplo
BACKGROUND: Acute cholecystitis can be difficult to diagnose in the emergency department (ED); no single finding can rule in or rule out the disease. A prediction score for the diagnosis of acute cholecystitis for use at the bedside would be of great value to expedite the management of patients presenting with possible acute cholecystitis. The 2013 Tokyo Guidelines is a validated method for the diagnosis of acute cholecystitis but its prognostic capability is limited. The purpose of this study was to prospectively validate the Bedside Sonographic Acute Cholecystitis (SAC) Score utilizing a combination of only historical symptoms, physical exam signs, and point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) findings for the prediction of the diagnosis of acute cholecystitis in ED patients...
January 4, 2021: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Jamie L Stang, Paige A DeVries, Lauren R Klein, Jon B Cole, Marc Martel, Mackenzie L Reing, Abagail M Raiter, Brian E Driver
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Some contend that patients with acute alcohol or illicit substance intoxication should be treated in outpatient detoxification centers rather than in the ED. However, these patients often have underlying acute medical needs. We sought to determine the frequency of medical interventions required by ED patients with alcohol or illicit substance intoxication. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study of consecutive ED patients presenting to an urban tertiary care ED with altered mental status due to alcohol or illicit substance use...
January 2, 2021: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Taylor Roth, Dominic DiPrinzio, Jay D Fisher
Rapid neurologic deterioration is rare in healthy school age children, particularly in the absence of trauma or toxic exposure. Hemorrhagic or ischemic stroke, infectious etiologies and metabolic causes must be emergently considered. We present the clinical details of a previously well child with two days of mild viral symptoms who progressed from playful and active to severe neurologic injury over the course of eight hours.
January 2, 2021: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Brit Long, William J Brady, Alin Gragossian, Alex Koyfman, Michael Gottlieb
BACKGROUND: Cardiac transplant is an effective long-term management option for several severe cardiac diseases. These cardiac transplant patients may present to the emergency department with a range of issues involving the cardiac transplantation, including complications due to their transplant as well as altered presentations of disease resulting from their transplant. OBJECTIVE: This narrative review provides a focused guide to the evaluation and management of patients with cardiac transplantation and its complications...
January 1, 2021: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Milton Steinman, Jorge Henrique Bento de Sousa, Francisco Tustumi, Nelson Wolosker
BACKGROUND: Governments have implemented social distancing interventions to curb the speed of SARS-CoV-2 spread and avoid hospital overload. SARS-CoV-2 social distancing interventions have modified several aspects of society, leading to a change in the emergency medical visit profile. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the impact of COVID-19 and the resulting changes on the non-SARS-CoV-2 emergency medical care system profile. METHODS: This is a retrospective multicenter cross-sectional study evaluating medical consultations, urgent hospitalizations, and deaths in São Paulo, the largest city of the Americas...
January 1, 2021: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Joshua Nagler, Marc Auerbach, Michael C Monuteaux, John A Cheek, Franz E Babl, Ed Oakley, Lucia Nguyen, Arjun Rao, Sarah Dalton, Mark D Lyttle, Santiago Mintegi, Rakesh D Mistry, Andrew Dixon, Pedro Rino, Guillermo Kohn-Loncarica, Stuart R Dalziel, Simon Craig
BACKGROUND: Airway management procedures are critical for emergency medicine (EM) physicians, but rarely performed skills in pediatric patients. Worldwide experience with respect to frequency and confidence in performing airway management skills has not been previously described. OBJECTIVES: Our aims were 1) to determine the frequency with which emergency medicine physicians perform airway procedures including: bag-mask ventilation (BMV), endotracheal intubation (ETI), laryngeal mask airway (LMA) insertion, tracheostomy tube change (TTC), and surgical airways, and 2) to investigate predictors of procedural confidence regarding advanced airway management in children...
December 31, 2020: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Zachary Vanderlaan, Matt Singh, Melisa Gagrica, Jeffrey S Jones
Traumatic tension pneumocephalus and orbital compartment syndrome are rare, tend to be associated with severe craniofacial injuries, and can occur following both blunt and penetrating injury. Early recognition and high index of clinical suspicion are important in both cases. Emergency decompression results in improvement in vast majority of cases.
December 31, 2020: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Timothy Satty, Sriram Ramgopal, Jonathan Elmer, Vincent N Mosesso, Christian Martin-Gill
INTRODUCTION: The COVID-19 pandemic may affect both use of 9-1-1 systems and prehospital treatment and transport practices. We evaluated EMS responses in an EMS region when it experienced low to moderate burden of COVID-19 disease to assess overall trends, response and management characteristics, and non-transport rates. Our goal is to inform current and future pandemic response in similar regions. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of prehospital EMS responses from 22 urban, suburban, and rural EMS agencies in Western Pennsylvania...
December 31, 2020: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Murat Seyit, Esin Avci, Rukiye Nar, Hande Senol, Atakan Yilmaz, Mert Ozen, Alten Oskay, Hulya Aybek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 31, 2020: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
B S Allison Schneider, B A Samuel Mullinax, Alison H Oliveto, Ashley Acheson, Michael P Wilson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 31, 2020: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Timotius Ivan Hariyanto, Karunia Valeriani Japar, Felix Kwenandar, Vika Damay, Jeremia Immanuel Siregar, Nata Pratama Hardjo Lugito, Margaret Merlyn Tjiang, Andree Kurniawan
BACKGROUND: Laboratory testing is commonly performed in patients with COVID-19. Each of the laboratory parameters has potential value for risk stratification and prediction of COVID-19 outcomes. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the difference between these parameters in severe and nonsevere disease and to provide the optimal cutoff value for predicting severe disease. METHOD: We performed a systematic literature search through electronic databases...
December 30, 2020: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
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