American Journal of Emergency Medicine

Young-Min Kim, Hyun-Jo Shin, Dong-Won Choi, Ji-Min Kim, Suk-Woo Lee, Seong-Hae Jeong, Hoon Kim
BACKGROUND: High-flow nasal cannula oxygen (HFNC) creates a positive pressure effect through high-flow rates compared to conventional oxygen therapy. The purpose of this human pilot study is to compare the effects of HFNC and conventional oxygen therapy on the rate of carbon monoxide (CO) clearance from the blood in patients with mild to moderate CO poisoning. METHODS: CO-poisoned Patients randomly received 100% oxygen from a rebreathing reserve mask (NBO2 , flow of 15 L/min) or HFNC (flow of 60 L/min)...
November 6, 2019: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Ali Ahiskalioglu, Ahmet Murat Yayik, Muhammed Enes Aydin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2019: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
K Ogle, C Roche, A Pourmand
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2019: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Zlatan Zvizdic, Irmina Pasic-Sefic, Semir Vranic
Individually, trauma and appendicitis are some of the most common conditions in clinical practice, particularly in emergency medicine. In rare cases, trauma and appendicitis may co-exist, imposing a dilemma of whether these are only coincidence or appendicitis develops because of trauma. We report here a case of acute perforated appendicitis after a blunt abdominal trauma caused by a horse hoof kick to the abdomen in a 7-year-old boy. We also discussed the potential pathophysiologic mechanisms behind and reviewed the literature on this rare condition...
November 1, 2019: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Matthew Cully, Amy D Thompson, Andrew D DePiero
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to investigate the significance and prevalence of lactic acidosis in pediatric diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) presenting to the emergency department. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of children (age ≤ 21 years) presenting to a tertiary care emergency department in DKA from December 1, 2015 to December 1, 2018. Patients needed to have DKA requiring admission to the pediatric intensive care unit and have had a lactate level collected while in the emergency department to be included...
October 24, 2019: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Yu Sun, Guofang Feng, Yanling Fu, Jiali You, Miao Li, Yimin Zhu
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical symptoms, surgical management, and outcomes of pregnant women with adnexal torsion due to assisted reproductive technology. METHODS: It was a retrospective study that include 17 pregnant women with adnexal torsion, in which the maternal age, type of fertilization, gestational age, clinical symptoms, ultrasonic findings, side affected by the disease, surgical method, and pregnancy outcomes were evaluated...
October 24, 2019: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Xiong Zhu, Yunrui Liu, Na Li, Qing He
BACKGROUND: Altitude induces acute mountain sickness (AMS), which can affect the health or limit the activities of 15 -80% of climbers and workers. Budesonide has been applied to prevent AMS. However, its prophylactic efficacy is controversial. Our purpose was to conduct a meta-analysis to assess whether budesonide qualifies as a prophylaxis for AMS. METHODS: A literature search was performed in PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library in February 2019...
October 23, 2019: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Catherine A Marco, Morgan Bryant, Brock Landrum, Brenden Drerup, Mitchell Weeman
OBJECTIVE: Emergency department (ED) patients may elect to refuse any aspect of medical care. They may leave prior to physician evaluation, elope during treatment, or leave against medical advice during treatment. This study was undertaken to identify patient perspectives and reasons for refusal of care. METHODS: This prospective study was conducted at an urban Level 1 Trauma Center. This study examined ED patients who left without being seen (LWBS), eloped during treatment, or left against medical advice during September to December 2018...
October 23, 2019: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Andréa Dépelteau, François Racine-Hemmings, Émilie Lagueux, Catherine Hudon
INTRODUCTION: Emergency department (ED) overcrowding is an important issue in healthcare worldwide. A small group of patients account for a disproportionate number of ED visits and a few studies have suggested that chronic pain (CP) sufferers may be part of that group. The aim of this study was to review all studies having examined the association between CP and frequent use of ED services. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was performed. The CINAHL, PsycINFO, PubMed and Scopus databases were searched from January 1997 to August 2019, using a strategy containing the keywords frequent use, CP and ED...
October 14, 2019: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Hongshen Chen, Muhu Chen
BACKGROUND: Tranexamic acid shows some treatment efficacy for traumatic brain injury. This systematic review and meta-analysis is conducted to investigate the efficacy of tranexamic acid for traumatic brain injury. METHODS: The databases including PubMed, EMbase, Web of science, EBSCO, and Cochrane library databases are systematically searched for collecting the randomized controlled trials (RCTs) regarding the efficacy of tranexamic acid for traumatic brain injury...
October 14, 2019: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Pierre Borczuk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 14, 2019: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Gillian A Beauchamp, Jacob Fishbein, Gregory A Makar, Rita M Pechulis, Matthew D Cook, Robert D Cannon, Kenneth D Katz, Hope Kincaid, Jennifer L Carey, Marna Rayl Greenberg
INTRODUCTION: The Toxicology Investigator's Consortium (ToxIC) maintains a prospective case registry of all patients that have been managed at the bedside by medical toxicologists. We set out to characterize the differences in toxicological suicide attempts between men and women among adult patients with poisonings managed by medical toxicologists. METHODS: ToxIC database consults for adults aged 19-65 whose primary reasons for encounter were classified as suicide attempt were used for this study (1/2010-12/2016)...
October 8, 2019: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Dominique N van Dongen, Marion J Fokkert, Rudolf T Tolsma, Aize van der Sluis, Robbert J Slingerland, Erik A Badings, Arnoud W J van 't Hof, Jan Paul Ottervanger
INTRODUCTION: Pre-hospital risk classification by the HEART score is performed with point of care troponin assessment. However, point of care troponin is less sensitive than high sensitive troponin measurement which is used in the hospital setting. In this study we compared pre-hospital HEART-score risk classification using point of care troponin versus high sensitive troponin. METHODS: In 689 consecutive patients with suspected NSTE-ACS, point of care troponin and laboratory high-sensitive troponin were measured in pre-hospital derived blood...
October 8, 2019: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Mathias B Forrester, George M Layton, Shawn M Varney
BACKGROUND: Cycas revoluta (sago cycad or palm) is a popular ornamental plant in the United States. All parts of the plant contain toxins such cycasin and beta-methylamino-l-alanine, the ingestion of which can be harmful to humans and animals. The objective of this study was to characterize C. revoluta exposures reported to poison centers. METHODS: Cases were C. revoluta exposures reported to Texas poison centers during 2000-2018. The distribution of cases by selected variables was determined...
September 12, 2019: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Torben Ostendorf, Michael Bernhard, Thomas Hartwig, Markus Voigt, Thomas Keller, Michael Stumvoll, André Gries
INTRODUCTION: Studies suggest that there is an association between weather and cardiovascular disease (CVD) related visits in emergency departments (ED). METHODS: We used a case-crossover study design to investigate the association between ED visits for CVD and changes in temperature, atmospheric pressure, and relative humidity. Patient and weather data from the years 2014 and 2015 were used to investigate relevance of changes associated with weather in the frequency of CVD-related ED visits...
September 11, 2019: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Richard Byrne, Aimee Parks, Joshua P Hazelton, Michael Kirchhoff, Brian W Roberts
OBJECTIVE: It is unclear if additional computerized tomography (CT) imaging is warranted after injuries are identified on CT in blunt trauma patients. The objective of this study was to determine the incidence and significance of injuries identified on secondary CT imaging after identification of injuries on initial CTs in blunt trauma patients. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study at an academic Level 1 trauma center with a two-tiered trauma system. INCLUSION CRITERIA: age ≥ 18, level 2 trauma activation, injury identified on initial CT, and secondary CTs ordered...
September 11, 2019: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Maria Loren Eberle, Elissa M Schechter-Perkins, Zaid Altawil
Tranexamic acid (TXA) is increasing in use in the Emergency Department (ED). While its topical uses have largely been observed in the management of epistaxis, other applications are utilized. We present a case of an 84 year old male with a bleeding arteriovenous fistula, responsive to topical application of tranexamic acid. This case report demonstrates another novel application of TXA in emergency care.
September 11, 2019: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Heather A Heaton, Emily J Schwartz, Wyatt J Gifford, Karen A Koch, Christine M Lohse, Ryan J Monroe, Kristine M Thompson, Laura E Walker, Thomas R Hellmich
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate an established scribe program on throughput and revenue capture in an Emergency Department (ED) undergoing an EMR transition. METHODS: A prospective cohort design comparing patients managed with and without scribes in an academic ED. Throughput metrics (medians, min) and relative value units (RVUs, means) were collected. Data was evaluated in its entirety (three months), as well as in two subsets: go live (immediate two weeks) and adoption (two weeks post implementation to end)...
September 10, 2019: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Kentaro Ide, Satoko Uematsu, Shunsuke Hayano, Yusuke Hagiwara, Kenichi Tetsuhara, Tomoya Ito, Taichi Nakazawa, Ichiro Sekine, Masashi Mikami, Tohru Kobayashi
BACKGROUND: Head trauma in children is one of the most common causes for emergency department visits. Although most trauma cases are minor, identifying those patients who have clinically important traumatic brain injury (ciTBI) is challenging. The Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN) head trauma prediction rules identifying children who do not require cranial computed tomography (CT) were validated and are used all over the world. However, these rules have not been validated with large cohort multicenter studies in Asia...
September 10, 2019: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Emily Aaronson, Paul Jansson, Kelley Wittbold, Stephanie Flavin, Pierre Borczuk
BACKGROUND: It is believed that patients who return to the Emergency Department (ED) and require admission are thought to represent failures in diagnosis, treatment or discharge planning. Screening readmission rates or patients who return within 72 h have been used in ED Quality Assurance efforts. These metrics require significant effort in chart review and only rarely identify care deviations. OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to evaluate the yield of reviewing ED return visits that resulted in an ICU admission...
September 6, 2019: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
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