Doppler-guided hemorrhoidal artery ligation: experience with 2 years follow-up

İbrahim Yilmaz, İlker Sücüllü, Dursun Özgür Karakaş, Yavuz Özdemir, Ergün Yücel, Mehmet Levhi Akin
American Surgeon 2012, 78 (3): 344-8
Doppler-guided hemorrhoidal artery ligation (DGHAL) is a nonexcisional surgical technique for the treatment of hemorrhoidal disease, consisting of the ligation of the distal branches of the superior rectal artery, resulting in a reduction of blood flow and decongestion of hemorrhoidal plexus resulting in fibrosis. The aim of the study was to assess the efficacy and safety of DGHAL, define its indications, and identify its possible advantages and limitations for the treatment of second- and third-degree hemorrhoids. The procedure was performed using a specially designed proctoscope. The Doppler probe was used to locate all the terminal branches of hemorrhoidal arteries, which were then sutured. Patients were followed up for 2 years. From November 2006 to May 2009, 50 patients (29 female, mean age 38.2 years) underwent this procedure. The procedure was performed under local anesthesia. An average of five ligatures was placed. Average length of hospital stay was 2 hours and return to work was 2.5 days. The mean postoperative pain score was 1.72. There were no intra- or immediate postoperative major complications. In 44 patients (88%), surgery resolved the symptoms completely in a 2-year follow-up period. DGHAL is a safe and effective procedure. DGHAL can be the choice for second- and third-degree hemorrhoids with minimal postoperative pain and quick recovery.

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