JOURNAL ARTICLE

Staphylococcus aureus infections in pediatric patients with diabetes mellitus

Erin N Menne, Rona Yoffe Sonabend, Edward O Mason, Linda B Lamberth, Wendy A Hammerman, Charles G Minard, Sheldon L Kaplan, Kristina G Hulten
Journal of Infection 2012, 65 (2): 135-41
22490616

OBJECTIVES: To describe Staphylococcus aureus infections in children with diabetes mellitus (DM).

METHODS: Children with DM (cases) and S. aureus infections (2/02-6/10) were identified from a surveillance database. Patient charts were reviewed, and S. aureus isolates were characterized by molecular methods. Cases were compared to age-matched controls without DM but with CA-S. aureus skin and soft tissue infections (SSTI) using conditional logistic regression.

RESULTS: Forty-seven cases were identified; 41 were matched with 123 controls. Four cases had osteomyelitis and 43 had SSTI. Mean age was 14.2 years and 63% of cases had hemoglobin (Hb) A1c levels above 10%. Cases and controls differed by gender (85% vs. 45% female, P < 0.001), BMI% (median 87% vs. 72%, P = 0.04), methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) infection (49% vs. 68%, P = 0.04), and recurrent infections (22% vs. 4%, P = 0.001). Among cases, 88% of recurrences were caused by MRSA.

CONCLUSIONS: The majority of cases had poor glycemic control, more recurrences, fewer primary MRSA infections and were more likely to be female compared to a control group. Improved glycemic control may reduce the risk for infection, and decrease hospitalizations due to S. aureus infections.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
22490616
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"