Potential association of DDR1 genetic variant with FEV1 decline by aspirin provocation in asthmatics

Jason Yongha Kim, Jeong-Hyun Kim, Byung-Lae Park, Charisse Flerida A Pasaje, Joon Seol Bae, Soo-Taek Uh, Yong-Hoon Kim, Mi-Kyeong Kim, Inseon S Choi, Sang Heon Cho, Byoung Whui Choi, Jong Sook Park, Choon-Sik Park, Hyoung Doo Shin
Journal of Asthma 2012, 49 (3): 237-42

BACKGROUND: The discoidin domain receptor tyrosine kinase 1 (DDR1) is positioned within the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) region which plays an important role in the immune system. In addition, DDR1 has been elucidated to be downregulated during the epithelial-mesenchymal transition of bronchial epithelium.

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the potential genetic associations between DDR1 and aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD), this study conducted association studies of DDR1 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with AERD and the obstructive symptom of forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV(1)) decline after aspirin provocation.

METHODS: Nine common SNPs were genotyped in 93 AERD patients and 96 aspirin-tolerant asthma (ATA) controls. The genotype distributions of all loci were in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (HWE; p > .05). Results. In the results of logistic analyses using age, sex, smoking status, and atopy as covariates, DDR1 rs1264320 in the intronic region showed a potent association signal with FEV(1) decline by aspirin provocation in asthmatics of this study even after corrections for multiple testing (p = .003 and corrected p = .01). However, the variants of DDR1 were not significantly associated with the AERD development (corrected p > .05). On further comparison of FEV(1) decline by aspirin provocation between AERD and ATA, the variant rs1264320 was found to be associated with the FEV(1) decline of ATA rather than AERD.

CONCLUSION: Despite the need for further functional evaluations and replications, we conclude that DDR1 polymorphisms are not likely to contribute to predispositions of AERD, but may be potentially associated with FEV(1) decline by aspirin provocation in asthmatics.

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