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Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30732486/exploring-factors-associated-with-health-disparities-in-asthma-and-poorly-controlled-asthma-among-school-aged-children-in-the-u-s
#1
P W Sullivan, V Ghushchyan, P Navaratnam, H S Friedman, A Kavati, B Ortiz, B Lanier
OBJECTIVE: Certain populations suffer disproportionately from asthma and asthma morbidity. The objective was to provide a national descriptive profile of asthma control and treatment patterns among school-aged children (SAC: aged 6-17) in the U.S. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional analysis using the nationally representative 2007-2014 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey. Among SAC with asthma, indicators of poor control included: exacerbation/asthma attack; >3 canisters short-acting beta agonist (SABA)/3 months; and asthma-specific Emergency Department or inpatient visits (ED/IP)...
February 7, 2019: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30729848/the-role-of-serum-nuclear-factor-erythroid-2-related-factor-2-in-childhood-bronchial-asthma
#2
Eman Refaat Youness, Mones Shady, Maysa Samir Nassar, Rehab Mostafa, Walaa Abuelhamd
BACKGROUND: Asthma is one of the most common chronic airway disease of childhood. Poor asthma control has been associated with antioxidant deficiencies. OBJECTIVE: To assess the association of bronchial asthma in Egyptian children with serum nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor2 (NRF2) and its relation to disease severity. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study included 60 asthmatic children with comparable 60 controls (age ranged from 6-16 years)...
February 7, 2019: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30729834/trends-in-the-use-of-cigarettes-cigars-and-marijuana-among-students-with-and-without-asthma-2003-2017
#3
Sherry Everett Jones, Brian A King, Zanie Leroy
AIM: Asthma has symptoms that can be exacerbated by using combustible products such as tobacco and marijuana. This study assessed the prevalence and trends in current use of cigarettes, cigars, and marijuana among U.S. high school students with and without asthma. METHODS: The national Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) is a biennial, school-based, nationally representative survey of U.S. students in grades 9-12. Trends during 2003-2017 in current (past 30-day) use of cigarettes, cigars, and marijuana among students with and without asthma were examined using logistic regression...
February 7, 2019: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30720382/role-of-technology-in-improving-knowledge-and-confidence-in-asthma-management-in-school-staff
#4
Stephanie Francis, Melinda Gray, Christine Burns, Nancy Briggs, Nusrat Homaira, Adam Jaffe
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of technology enabled learning in improving asthma first aid knowledge and self-confidence in providing asthma first aid to children in staff within a school setting. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective randomized parallel study using a pre and post test design was conducted across Metropolitan schools of New South Wales (NSW), Australia. School staff in selected schools were randomly assigned to receive first aid asthma management training via a self-directed multimedia eBook learning resource or standard face-to-face training...
February 5, 2019: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30720381/prevalence-of-symptoms-of-asthma-and-allergic-rhinitis-in-children-in-southern-brazil-a-ten-year-monitoring-study
#5
Tiago Bittencourt de Oliveira, Jordana Griebeler Moscon, Ernesto Nazeazeno do Nascimento Ferreira, Ana Beatriz Gorini da Veiga
OBJECTIVE: This study analyzes and describes trends in prevalence of asthma and rhinitis in children 6-7 years old living in Santo Ângelo, Brazil, by comparing data from 2007, 2012, and 2017. METHODS: The ISAAC (International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood) standardized written questionnaire was used in a three cross-sectional survey. The questionnaire was applied between March and May of 2007, 2012 and 2017. RESULTS: A total of 701 children participated in the survey: 225 children in 2007, 229 in 2012, and 247 in 2017...
February 5, 2019: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30720371/filarial-tropical-pulmonary-eosinophilia
#6
Beuy Joob, Viroj Wiwanitkit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 5, 2019: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30714838/development-and-validation-of-the-family-management-scale-for-children-with-asthma-fmsca
#7
Yana Xing, Xiqian Gu, Zhenzhen Wei, Wei Zhang, Sharron J Crowder, Hongmei Duan
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to develop and validate the Family Management Scale for Children with Asthma (FMSCA) in China context. METHODS: Based on the Family Management Style Framework (FMSF) model, an original 89 items were generated from literature review and interviews with 15 caregivers of children with asthma. The preliminary scale was refined to 82 items through two rounds of experts' evaluation and a pilot study, then administered to 329 caregivers of children with asthma for testing between April and July 2013...
February 4, 2019: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30714822/respiratory-tract-infection-induced-asthma-exacerbations-in-adults-with-asthma-assessing-predictors-and-outcomes
#8
Shoroq M Altawalbeh, Nour A Manoon, Mera A Ababneh, Iman A Basheti
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate clinical and economic burden associated with respiratory tract infection (RTI)-induced asthma exacerbations and to identify risk factors associated with these exacerbations. Factors associated with these exacerbations are understudied and little information is available about consequent expenditures. METHODS: In this retrospective case-control study, medical records and pharmacy data in King Abdullah University Hospital in Northern Jordan were reviewed for adults with asthma aged 40 years and older, over the period 2013-2016...
February 4, 2019: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30706744/diagnostic-value-of-fractional-exhaled-nitric-oxide-in-cough-variant-asthma-an-updated-meta-analysis
#9
Li Zhang, Shuang Liu, Mei Li, Xiaofeng Xu
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the diagnostic value of fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) in cough-variant asthma (CVA) detection. METHODS: Relevant studies on the FeNO test in patients with CVA were retrieved from electronic databases including PubMed, Medline, Springer, Elsevier Science Direct, the Cochrane Library, and Google Scholar, up to August 2018. Meta-analysis for sensitivity, specificity, positive likelihood ratio (PLR), negative likelihood ratio (NLR), and diagnostic odds ratio (DOR) of the FeNO test were conducted after extracting related data from the included studies...
February 1, 2019: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30702005/association-between-asthma-obesity-and-health-behaviors-in-african-american-youth
#10
Matthew R Nagy, Kellye C McGlumphy, Richard Dopp, Toby C Lewis, Rebecca E Hasson
BACKGROUND: There is a clear relationship between obesity and asthma, with obesity recognized as a risk factor for asthma. There is mounting evidence, however, that asthma may predict obesity risk via behavioral pathways. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the cross-sectional relationships between asthma, body mass index (BMI) percentile, and behavioral factors including caloric intake, dietary inflammatory index, moderate-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), and sedentary time (SED) among African American adolescents...
January 31, 2019: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30702001/a-cross-sectional-survey-on-health-related-quality-of-life-among-parents-of-children-with-allergic-symptoms-using-the-eq-5d-5l
#11
Tae-Yoon Hwang, Sang-Kyu Kim, Seon-Ha Kim, Miok Kim
OBJECT: This study aims to evaluate the HRQOL of parents of children with allergic diseases using the EQ-5D-5L. METHODS: The subjects of the study were parents of children enrolled in primary schools and daycare centers. The EQ-5D-5L was self-administered in the sample population, and demographic and health information of their children were collected. We assessed the difference in EQ-5D-5L index and EQ-VAS of parents by the prevalence of allergic symptoms (wheezing, runny or blocked nose, and itchy rash) in their children in the past 12 months...
January 31, 2019: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30701998/work-related-asthma-surveillance-in-washington-state-time-trends-industry-rates-and-workers-compensation-costs-2002-2016
#12
Claire R LaSee, Carolyn K Reeb-Whitaker
OBJECTIVE: Washington State's work-related asthma (WRA) surveillance program utilizes workers' compensation (WC) data as its primary data source and has spanned a 15-year time period. This study analyses trends for WRA claim incidence rates compared to all WC claim incidence rates. WRA claim incidence rates and WC costs are analyzed by industry. METHODS: Potential WRA cases were identified through the WC system and through direct provider report and classified by industry, age, and year of illness onset...
January 31, 2019: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30701997/a-comparison-of-characteristics-and-outcomes-of-patients-admitted-to-the-icu-with-asthma-in-australia-and-new-zealand-and-united-states
#13
Hussam Abdelkarim, Matthew Durie, Rinaldo Bellomo, Christoph Bergmeir, Omar Badawi, Khaled El-Khawas, David Pilcher
OBJECTIVE: To compare the characteristics, use of invasive ventilation and outcomes of patients admitted with critical asthma syndrome (CAS) to ICUs in Australia and New Zealand (ANZ), and a large cohort of ICUs in the United States (US). METHODS: We examined two large databases of ICU for patients admitted with CAS in 2014 and 2015. We obtained, analyzed, and compared information on demographic and physiological characteristics, use of invasive mechanical ventilation, and clinical outcome and derived predictive models...
January 31, 2019: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30693816/outpatient-pulmonary-rehabilitation-for-severe-asthma-with-fixed-airway-obstruction-comparison-with-copd
#14
Agnès Bellocq, Wanda Gaspard, Camille Couffignal, Marie Vigan, Antoine Guerder, Julien Ambard, Sylvie Caruana, Thomas Similowski, Gilles Garcia, Camille Taillé
BACKGROUND: The benefit of exercise has been demonstrated in asthma, but the role of pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) in people with severe asthma, especially with airway obstruction, has been less investigated. The activity limitation mechanisms differ in asthma and COPD, so the effect of a PR program not specific to asthma is unclear. METHODS: We retrospectively compared the effect of an ambulatory PR program in nonsmoking patients with severe asthma and airway obstruction (FEV1/FVC ratio <70% and FEV1 < 80% measured twice, not under an exacerbation) and sex-, age-, FEV1-, and BMI-matched COPD controls...
January 29, 2019: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30678502/reducing-pediatric-asthma-hospital-length-of-stay-through-evidence-based-quality-improvement-and-deployment-of-computerized-provider-order-entry
#15
George A Gellert, Crystal M Davenport, Charles G Minard, Claudia Castano, Kylynn Bruner, Deon Hobbs
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the impact of multi-component quality improvement for pediatric asthma care focusing on serial use of an evidence-based clinical pathway via paper order sets, pathway integration into computerized provider order entry (CPOE), use of a clinical respiratory score (CRS) and a discharge checklist. METHODS: Outcomes were assessed over three intervention periods and 50 months on: time to beta-agonist and steroid first administration, frequency of readmissions and hospital length of stay...
January 25, 2019: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30676162/asthma-management-in-school-parents-and-school-personnel-perspectives
#16
Christine R Langton, Jessica P Hollenbach, Tregony Simoneau, Michelle M Cloutier
OBJECTIVE: Effective asthma management at school can help students with asthma stay healthy, learn better and participate fully during their school day. This study sought to understand school-based asthma care from the perspective of parents and school personnel to improve asthma care at school. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Hartford, CT. School personnel from 59 schools and 322 parents/guardians were invited to participate. Four cross-sectional surveys using Likert-type scales assessed parental and school personnel satisfaction, confidence in managing asthma, policy awareness, management of asthma during physical activity, and perceived gaps surrounding school-based asthma care...
January 24, 2019: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30669905/it-takes-a-village-asthma-networks-utilized-by-parents-when-managing-childhood-asthma-medications
#17
Pamela Srour-Alphonse, Biljana Cvetkovski, Cynthia S Rand, Elizabeth Azzi, Rachel Tan, Vicky Kritikos, Lynn H M Cheong, Sinthia Bosnic-Anticevich
OBJECTIVE: We are yet to understand how widely parents seek asthma medication management information for their children, how they are used for health information, how parents engage with them and their influence on parent's decision-making. This study aimed to gauge the current level of asthma knowledge and skills of parents of children with asthma and gain insight into who and what influences their child's asthma medication management decisions. METHOD: Social network theory was used to map parents' asthma networks and identify the level of influence of each individual/resource nominated...
January 22, 2019: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30669891/interactive-effects-of-family-functioning-and-sleep-experiences-on-daily-lung-functioning-in-pediatric-asthma-an-ecological-momentary-assessment-approach
#18
Nour Al Ghriwati, Robin S Everhart, Marcia A Winter
OBJECTIVES: Children living in urban, underserved settings are at risk for experiencing sleep difficulties as well as poor asthma outcomes. The family is important for both asthma management and ensuring children are getting the necessary amount of sleep, but how family functioning and sleep patterns influence children's asthma remains unclear. METHODS: Fifty-nine children (7-12 years old; 90% African American) diagnosed with asthma, and their primary caregivers, participated in this study...
January 22, 2019: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30663912/disparate-diagnostic-accuracy-of-lung-function-tests-as-predictors-of-poor-asthma-control-in-children
#19
Clyde J Smith, Michael C Spaeder, Ronald L Sorkness, W Gerald Teague
RATIONALE: In practice, asthma control is assessed according to symptom burden and office spirometry. However, spirometry poorly tests peripheral lung function, which may be abnormal in asthma. Impluse oscillometry (IOS) and multiple-breath washout (MBW) are novel methods which measure reactance (X5) and ventilation heterogeneity (VH) in the peripheral lung, but how well these tests reflect asthma control is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: To compare the diagnostic accuracy of tests of large airways caliber (FEV1 , FEV1 /FVC, R20), peripheral zone properties (X5, VH), and airways inflammation (FeNO) as predictors of poor control in asthmatic children (44 poorly controlled/10 controlled)...
January 21, 2019: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30663909/patients-adherence-related-beliefs-about-inhaled-steroids-application-of-the-chinese-version-of-the-beliefs-about-medicines-questionnaire-specific-in-patients-with-asthma
#20
Qingqing Cai, Ling Ye, Robert Horne, Jing Bi, Qing Xu, Xiaofen Ye, Aifang Yang, Meiling Jin, Xiaoyu Li, Qianzhou Lv
OBJECTIVE: The main objective of the present study is to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of Beliefs about Medicines Questionnaire-specific among asthma patients; and to assess the association between patients' belief and adherence to inhaled corticosteroid therapy. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was carried out in the asthma clinic of Zhongshan Hospital, to Fudan University (Shanghai, China) between April 2016 and March 2018. The Beliefs about Medicines Questionnaire-specific was translated into Chinese according to international guidelines...
January 21, 2019: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
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