Surgical management of posttraumatic intraorbital hematoma

Matteo Brucoli, Francesco Arcuri, Mariangela Giarda, Rodolfo Benech, Arnaldo Benech
Journal of Craniofacial Surgery 2012, 23 (1): e58-61
Retrobulbar hematoma is a rare condition but represents a diagnostic and therapeutic emergency. It occurs in between 0.3% and 3.5% of facial traumas and can be caused by direct or indirect injury of the orbit; they can be classified into intraorbital and subperiosteal hematoma. We describe 4 different cases of posttraumatic retrobulbar hematoma treated at the Unit of Maxillofacial Surgery of the Novara Major Hospital between January 2005 and December 2009, each different from the others for morphologic aspects, and we discuss its diagnosis and management. Surgery decompression of the orbit is recommended when visual deficit arises and when there is no response to pharmacologic therapy. Several techniques for orbital decompression have been proposed. The lateral canthotomy and/or the inferior cantholysis are the 2 techniques most practiced. Anterior-chamber paracentesis is effective, but it is rarely indicated for frequent complications such as cataract formation, herniation of the iris, infection, and trauma to the canal of Schlemm. Other procedures including transantral ethmoidectomy, transantral sphenoidectomy, and transfrontal craniotomy are described.

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