journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38635500/medial-femoral-condyle-periosteal-free-flap-for-bone-coverage-following-debridement-of-intermediate-stage-osteoradionecrosis-of-the-jaw
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Michael J L Hurrell, David Leinkram, Murray J Stokan, Jonathan R Clark
Case report. Osteoradionecrosis (ORN) of the jaw is a potentially devastating consequence of head and neck irradiation. The progression of ORN can lead to loss of bone, teeth, soft tissue necrosis, pathologic fracture, and oro-cutaneous fistula. Reconstructive surgery has mostly been reserved for late-stage disease where segmental resections are frequently necessary. Evidence is emerging to support earlier treatment in the form of debridement in combination with soft tissue free flaps for intermediate-stage ORN...
April 18, 2024: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38629851/histomorphologic-biomechanical-and-functional-analysis-in-mandibular-osteogenesis-induced-by-external-distraction
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Antonio Fuente-Del-Campo, Daniel Reyes Cureño
The induced bone generation procedure (osteogenic distraction [OD]) is frequently used in cases of jaw deformities in patients with, hemifacial microsomia, mandibular hypoplasia, and so on. This study was undertaken to provide criteria to perform this procedure. The authors evaluated the effects of various parameters using OD to determine the optimal variables. Sixty distractors were placed in 30 canine subjects who then underwent OD after appropriate osteotomy. The procedures were performed during varying latency periods, distraction periods, distraction rate distance, and the consolidation period...
April 17, 2024: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38629839/early-open-extensive-suturectomy-for-the-severe-multisuture-synostosis
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Emily Yassaie, Anusha Hennedige, Christopher Parks
Neonates born with severe multisuture synostosis can present as an emergency. The severe craniocerebral disproportion with or without underlying hydrocephalus and retruded midface can result in raised intracranial pressure and airway compromise within the first few days or weeks of life. This presents a challenging multidisciplinary condition. There is no international consensus on management. There are limited publications available describing the approach to treatment. In our unit, children who present in the neonatal period with severe multisuture synostosis are offered early open extensive suturectomy within the first few months of life...
April 17, 2024: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38597662/yard-work-and-gardening-a-pastime-with-potential-for-craniofacial-injury
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Soumil Prasad, Dylan Treger, Rohan Mangal, Matthew T Gompels, Seth R Thaller
INTRODUCTION: Yard and garden tools are increasingly used by Americans. Despite the growing popularity of gardening as a leisure activity, the rate of injury associated with these tools remains remarkedly high. Previous research has highlighted the risks associated with improper handling of tools and associated potential long-term consequences. This retrospective study aims to provide a comprehensive analysis of the craniofacial injuries caused by yard and garden equipment. The investigation will emphasize the need for improved safety measures and regulations...
April 10, 2024: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38597660/management-of-maxillofacial-trauma-in-pregnant-women
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ruby R Taylor, Sinan Jabori, Minji Kim, Taylor Smartz, Eva S Hale, Michael Peleg, Wrood Kassira, Anne-Sophie Lessard, Seth R Thaller
INTRODUCTION: Trauma during pregnancy deserves special attention as management must be directed towards both the mother and the fetus. Management of maxillofacial fractures in pregnancy can adversely affect the well-being of the fetus by impinging on normal functions such as respiration, mastication, and nutrition. Pregnancy complicates the management of facial injury due to the maintenance of the patent airway, anesthesia considerations, and imaging restraints. The purpose of this study is to use three illustrative from our own institution to further elucidate education on the management of mandible fracture in pregnancy with a focus on multidisciplinary treatment and outcomes...
April 10, 2024: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38597603/exclusive-transcervical-drainage-for-posterior-mediastinal-abscess-originating-from-a-mandibular-molar
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Masato Nagaoka, Masaomi Motegi
The progression of a cervical abscess toward the mediastinum is rare but remains one of the most serious diseases, even in the era of antibiotics. A mediastinal abscess can originate from an odontogenic infection and presents a challenge for otolaryngologists and craniofacial surgeons, particularly when it spreads caudally to the tracheal bifurcation. For successful treatment of such an abscess, patients are generally referred to a thoracic surgeon for drainage. We present a distinctive case of an odontogenic infection-induced wide mediastinal abscess that could be drained only through cervical manipulation by using a sump-type tube...
April 10, 2024: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38597600/an-analysis-of-medical-malpractice-litigation-involving-orbital-fractures
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Martina Brozynski, Nargiz Seyidova, Olachi Oleru, Curtis Rew, Anais Di Via Loschpe, Peter J Taub
BACKGROUND: Orbital fractures frequently require operative management by a plastic and reconstructive surgeon. Due to the proximity to the globe and complexity of the reconstruction, orbital fractures, and related procedures have the potential to be a source of medical litigation. The aim of the present study was to review orbital fracture malpractice litigation, including case outcomes and compensatory damages. METHODS: The Westlaw and Lexis Nexis databases were queried for jury verdicts and settlements related to orbital fracture malpractice lawsuits...
April 10, 2024: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38595207/profile-of-facial-trauma-victims-of-motorcycle-accidents-treated-at-a-hospital-in-northeastern-brazil-a-prospective-study
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Carolina Chaves Gama Aires, Ricardo José de Holanda Vasconcellos, Heitor Tavares de Araújo, Rebeca Valeska Soares Pereira, Rosa Rayanne Lins de Souza, Emanuel Savio de Souza Andrade, Belmiro Cavalcanti do Egito Vasconcelos
OBJECTIVE: To outline the profile of patients with facial trauma, victims of motorcycle accidents, treated at the Hospital da Restauração, Recife/PE, Brazil, from December 2020 to July 2021. METHODS: The collection was carried out through questionnaire and analysis of medical records. Data were analyzed descriptively, as well as Pearson's chi-square test or Fisher's exact test. RESULTS: Among the patients, 88.6% were male, 47.5% were between 18 and 29 years old, and 59...
April 9, 2024: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38595199/anthropometric-analysis-of-the-faces-of-chinese-women-in-leadership-roles
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sung Gyun Jung, Xiajing Wu, Kun Hwang, Seung-Ho Han
The aim of this study was to investigate the appearance of the faces of Chinese women in leadership positions through an anthropometric analysis of Women of China from 1949 to 2022. Photographs of cover women of Women of China were gathered and a total of 380 frontal and 101 lateral photographs were collected. The photographs were divided into 3 time phases: phase I (1949-1978): from the launch of Women of China magazine, up until the time of reform and opening; phase II (1978-2010): from the time of reform and opening until when Google China was blocked; and phase III (2010-2022): to the present...
April 9, 2024: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38595184/efficacy-and-safety-of-endoscopic-surgery-versus-craniotomy-for-hypertensive-putamen-hemorrhage
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Anshuo Wang, Zikang Sun, Wen Zhang, Hu He, Fei Wang
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of neuroendoscopy for treating hypertensive putamen hemorrhage (HPH), compared with traditional craniotomy. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 81 consecutive patients with HPH treated with neuroendoscopy (n=36) or craniotomy (n=45) in the Department of Neurosurgery at the Anhui Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Anhui Medical University between January 2015 and December 2017. We compared the clinical and radiographic outcomes, excluded 14 patients who did not meet the inclusion criteria...
April 9, 2024: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38595164/visualization-mapping-and-current-trends-of-facial-contouring-procedures-a-bibliometric-analysis-based-on-web-of-science
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Xin Li, Yucheng Luo, Yan Zhang
BACKGROUND: Facial contouring procedures become popular in recent years, but there has been no bibliometric analysis focused on this field. OBJECTIVE: Construct visualization maps and analyze the hotspots and current trends in this field using bibliometric analysis. METHODS: Publications on facial contouring procedures were extracted from the Web of Science Core Collection database from 2003 to 2022. VOSviewer, CiteSpace, and "Bibliometrix" R package were used to analyze data...
April 9, 2024: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38595160/correcting-different-degrees-of-droopy-nose-an-overview-of-techniques-and-strategies-at-tertiary-facial-plastic-center-a-retrospective-analysis
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Abdulaziz Saud Alenazi, Hamad F Alrabiah, Sameer Bafaqeeh
BACKGROUND: The variety of noses in the mixed Saudi population keeps rhinoplasty surgeons on their toes. The main treatment goal for drooping nose tips is the first rotation of the nasal tip superiorly. Although droopy nose is a common disease in Saudi Arabia, none of the previous studies recognized the general features of droopy nose. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 352 patients with nasal drooping nose from 2016 to 2022. The main outcome measurements were general characteristics of nasal tip ptosis, and the most common surgical techniques used to treat nasal tip ptosis in a tertiary hospital...
April 9, 2024: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38587387/how-to-safely-use-the-perforator-based-keystone-island-flap-in-the-scalp-basal-cell-carcinoma-of-the-scalp-with-local-invasion-to-calvarium
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Tae Hwan Park, Ju Hyung Lee, Jae Hyung Kim
Scalp reconstruction has always been a challenging problem for even the most experienced surgeon to provide good aesthetic and functional results. This is mainly because the scalp is less mobile and tight, requiring a much larger dissection for the size of the original defect. We hypothesized that the omega variant perforator-based keystone island flap at the subgaleal plane provides a versatile and easily reproducible reconstructive option for scalp reconstruction after wide skin cancer excision. We reviewed all patients who underwent reconstruction with the keystone flap or its modification to repair scalp defects following wide resection of skin cancer in the scalp abutting calvarium from May 2021 to July 2023...
April 8, 2024: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38587371/orthognathic-surgery-trending-retrospective-ten-years-cases-analysis-in-nineveh-province-iraq
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Rawaa Y Al-Rawee, Bashar A Tawfeeq, Zaid S Tawfek
AIMS: The study aimed at analyzing patient's case sheets in regard to the incidence of skeletal discrepancy present in cases and its relation with the demographic profile of the sample. All these are chronicled for more than 10 years periods. METHODOLOGY: This is a retrospective study analysis of the orthognathic case sheets for more than 10 years period. The total numbers of patients are 678. Patient's case sheet was already prepared by the Multi-Disciplinary Team Orthognathic Surgery Clinic in Al-Salam Teaching Hospital, which is the only authorized committee in Nineveh Health Directorate...
April 8, 2024: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38587370/an-innovative-technique-of-presurgical-lip-alveolus-and-nose-approximation-plana-for-infants-with-clefts
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Pradip R Shetye
The innovative technique of "presurgical lip, alveolus, and nose approximation" (PLANA) offers a new approach within the domain of presurgical infant orthopedics for infants born with cleft lip and palate. Presurgical lip, alveolus, and nose approximation introduces the utilization of the NoseAlign device in conjunction with medical adhesive tapes, designed to approximate and support displaced soft tissue nasolabial structures in patients with cleft, without an intraoral plate. The NoseAlign device, constructed from medical-grade silicone, consists of 2 tubular portions that fit into the nostrils, connected by a columella band...
April 8, 2024: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38578106/prediction-of-permanent-enophthalmos-using-3-dimensional-integral-model-in-blowout-fractures
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jun Hyun Kim, Yean Su Choi, Ho Seong Shin
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study is to validate the possibility of setting volumetric surgical indications by predicting permanent enophthalmos using a simplified formula. METHODS: The volume difference of bilateral orbits in a CT scan was automatically measured, and permanent enophthalmos was predicted by substituting the volume difference into a formula made using the 3-dimensional (3D) integral model. RESULTS: The predicted enophthalmos showed a strong positive correlation with the permanent enophthalmos of 52 blowout fracture patients...
April 5, 2024: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38578104/the-evaluation-of-condylar-position-change-in-the-asymmetric-mandible-following-sagittal-split-osteotomy
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Reza Tabrizi, Ehsan Amini, Behnoush Hormozi, Parsa Behnia, Samir Aboul Hosn Centenero
BACKGROUND: The change of condyle position following orthognathic surgery affects the stability of treatments. This study aims to assess the correlation between the amount of condyles' position change and the severity of mandibular asymmetry following BSSO. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study. Subjects with asymmetric mandibular prognathism following BSSO were studied. Subjects were classified into 2 groups: group 1, subjects had mandibular asymmetry without occlusal cant and underwent BSSO...
April 5, 2024: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38578098/management-of-velopharyngeal-insufficiency-associated-with-cleft-palate-sphincter-pharyngoplasty-and-pharyngeal-flap
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Steven A Ovadia, Taylor Smartz, Seth R Thaller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 5, 2024: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38578083/the-prevalence-of-difficult-airway-and-associated-risk-factors-in-pediatric-patients-a-cross-sessional-observational-study
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Chen Shen, Yun Shi
BACKGROUND: Difficult airway remains a great challenge in pediatric anesthesia practice. Previously published data show the prevalence of difficult airways in pediatric population varies in a wide range. However, there is a lack of studies in the Asian region. METHODS: This cross-sectional single-center study was conducted in a tertiary pediatric hospital in China from October 2022 to October 2023. The patients who underwent elective surgery under general anesthesia with tracheal intubation were recruited consecutively...
April 5, 2024: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38568861/application-of-oral-retractor-for-lip-injury-protection-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgeries-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Honglin Li, Grace Paka Lubamba, Gaowei Zhang, Chunjie Li, Bo Han, Ning Gao, Lei Wang, Yafei Chen, Bing Yan
PURPOSE: Iatrogenic lip injury may occur during oral and maxillofacial surgical procedures. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of oral retractors on iatrogenic lip injury prevention during intraoral procedures of oral and maxillofacial surgery. METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled trial and included patients who underwent intraoral procedures of oral and maxillofacial surgery. Patients were randomly allocated to receive oral retractor (intervention group) or traditional procedure without lip protection (control group)...
April 3, 2024: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
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