JOURNAL ARTICLE

¹⁸F-Fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography finds answers in cancer patients with increasing tumor markers and negative or equivocal conventional imaging modalities

Shahenda S Salem, Mohamed A Shahin
Nuclear Medicine Communications 2012, 33 (3): 313-21
22237387

BACKGROUND: The increase in tumor markers with negative or equivocal conventional imaging modalities represents a serious dilemma in the follow-up of previously treated cancer patients. Positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) has emerged as a useful tool in oncological imaging in staging and restaging of most cancers.

OBJECTIVE: This study explored the potential role of ¹⁸F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET/CT in the detection and localization of tumor recurrence in cancer patients with increasing serum tumor markers and negative or equivocal conventional imaging modalities.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective study was conducted on 105 previously diagnosed and treated cancer patients with different pathologies. All patients were referred for ¹⁸F-FDG PET/CT scans because of increasing tumor markers with negative or equivocal conventional imaging modalities. All patients underwent whole-body ¹⁸F-FDG PET/CT scans. The findings were confirmed by clinical and/or radiological follow-up of at least 12 months and histopathologically whenever possible.

RESULTS: PET/CT detected recurrence and/or metastases in 90 patients (85.7%), including 17 recurrences, 50 metastases, and 23 recurrences and metastases. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and accuracy of PET/CT scans were 95.7, 100, 100, 73.3, and 96.2%, respectively. These parameters were 95, 100, 100, 69, and 95% for PET scans alone and were 91.5, 100, 100, 57.9, and 92.3% for CT scans alone.

CONCLUSION: ¹⁸F-FDG PET/CT is a powerful diagnostic tool in restaging of cancer patients. In most cases, PET/CT provides accurate results and helps resolve the clinical dilemma encountered in oncological patients with increasing serum tumor markers and negative or equivocal findings in conventional imaging modalities.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
22237387
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"