Outcomes of pregnancies complicated by hyperemesis gravidarum

Oguzhan Kuru, Serhat Sen, Ozgur Akbayır, B Pinar Cilesiz Goksedef, Mehmet Ozsürmeli, Erkut Attar, Halil Saygılı
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics 2012, 285 (6): 1517-21

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate maternal and fetal outcomes among women with hyperemesis gravidarum (HG).

METHODS: In a university hospital and a research and training hospital, a retrospective cohort study was conducted among women with singleton deliveries between 2003 and 2011. Maternal outcomes evaluated included gestational diabetes, pregnancy-induced hypertension, cesarean delivery. Neonatal outcomes also determined were 5-min Apgar score of less than 7, low birth weight, small for gestational age (SGA), preterm delivery, fetal sex, and stillbirth.

RESULTS: There were no statistical differences in the mean of age, parity, the number of artificial pregnancy, and smoking between two groups. Infants from HG pregnancies manifested similar birth weight (3,121.5 ± 595.4 vs. 3,164 ± 664.5 g) and gestational age (38.1 ± 2.3 vs. 38.1 ± 2.6 weeks), relative to infants from the control group (p = 0.67 and 0.91, respectively). In addition, no statistical significant differences were found in the rates of SGA birth, preterm birth, gestational diabetes, pregnancy-induced hypertension, and adverse fetal outcome between two groups (p > 0.05). Cesarean delivery rates were similar in two groups (31.9% in hyperemesis group vs. 27% in control group, p = 0.49). Comparing the gender of the newborn baby and Apgar scores less than 7 at 5 min, there were no statistically significant differences between two groups (p = 0.16 and 0.42, respectively).

CONCLUSION: Hyperemesis gravidarum is not associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes.

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