Rates and implications for hospitalization of patients ≥65 years of age with atrial fibrillation/flutter

Gerald V Naccarelli, Stephen S Johnston, Mehul Dalal, Jay Lin, Parag P Patel
American Journal of Cardiology 2012 February 15, 109 (4): 543-9
The responsibility of managing atrial fibrillation (AF) and atrial flutter (AFL) falls predominantly on the Medicare system. Patients with AF or AFL often have a range of cardiovascular (CV) co-morbidities and are frequently hospitalized for AF and other CV causes. The present retrospective cohort study used medical claims data to evaluate the rates of hospitalization and inpatient mortality in elderly (aged ≥65 years) patients with AF or AFL with Medicare supplemental insurance. The data were extracted from the United States Thomson Reuters MarketScan Medicare Supplemental and Coordination of Benefits Database (January 2004 to December 2007). Patients aged ≥65 years with ≥1 inpatient or ≥2 outpatient nondiagnostic claims for AF or AFL and ≥12 months of continuous enrollment before their index AF or AFL diagnoses were identified. The frequencies of hospitalization and inpatient death were evaluated over the postindex study period (mean 24.3 months). Of an eligible study population of 55,774 patients with AF or AFL (mean age 77.9 years, 52.2% men), 28,939 patients (51.9%) were hospitalized (all causes) with nonfatal outcomes, 12,652 (22.7%) were rehospitalized, and 1,592 (2.9%) died in the hospital. Higher proportions of patients were hospitalized for non-CV than for CV causes (35.6% vs 27.2%). For CV hospitalizations culminating in inpatient death (n = 516), the most common admission diagnoses were major bleeding, stroke or transient ischemic attack, and congestive heart failure. In conclusion, elderly patients with AF or AFL undergo frequent hospitalization for CV and non-CV causes. Measures that lower inpatient admission rates, particularly readmission rates, may reduce the increasing cost of treating patients with AF or AFL with Medicare supplemental insurance.

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