Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA) specific for one or several antigens: useful markers for subtypes of ulcerative colitis and associated primary sclerosing cholangitis.

BACKGROUND: Dysregulation of antimicrobial response may trigger inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). This study analyzed specificity of anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA) in IBD patients and its clinical significance.

METHODS: Data from 52 ulcerative colitis (UC) patients with 32 Crohn's disease (CD) patients were compared. Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) was present in 12/84 patients. ANCA, ANA and anti-smooth muscle antibodies (ASMA) were detected by IIF. ANCA were tested by ELISA for proteinase 3 (PR3), myeloperoxidase, bactericidal/permeability increasing protein, elastase, cathepsin G, lysozyme and lactoferrin.

RESULTS: pANCA were more frequently present in UC than in CD patients (p<0.001). ANCA titer correlated with the disease activity only in UC patients (p<0.05). UC patients more frequently had two or more ANCA specificities compared to CD patients (p<0.01). Multi-specific ANCA in medium and/or high concentrations were associated with long-lasting (p<0.05) and left-sided UC (p<0.001). Multi-specific ANCA with ANA and ASMA had sensitivity of 67% for PSC.

CONCLUSIONS: Higher concentrations of multi-specific ANCA in long-lasting, left-sided UC suggest an influence of bacterial stimulation on the break of tolerance. Multi-specific ANCA with ANA and ASMA could be markers for PSC. ANCA specific to several antigens may worsen inflammation by reducing antimicrobial capacity of neutrophil proteases and cationic proteins.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app