Endoplasmic reticulum-tethered transcription factor cAMP responsive element-binding protein, hepatocyte specific, regulates hepatic lipogenesis, fatty acid oxidation, and lipolysis upon metabolic stress in mice

Chunbin Zhang, Guohui Wang, Ze Zheng, Krishna Rao Maddipati, Xuebao Zhang, Gregory Dyson, Paul Williams, Stephen A Duncan, Randal J Kaufman, Kezhong Zhang
Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases 2012, 55 (4): 1070-82

UNLABELLED: cAMP responsive element-binding protein, hepatocyte specific (CREBH), is a liver-specific transcription factor localized in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane. Our previous work demonstrated that CREBH is activated by ER stress or inflammatory stimuli to induce an acute-phase hepatic inflammation. Here, we demonstrate that CREBH is a key metabolic regulator of hepatic lipogenesis, fatty acid (FA) oxidation, and lipolysis under metabolic stress. Saturated FA, insulin signals, or an atherogenic high-fat diet can induce CREBH activation in the liver. Under the normal chow diet, CrebH knockout mice display a modest decrease in hepatic lipid contents, but an increase in plasma triglycerides (TGs). After having been fed an atherogenic high-fat (AHF) diet, massive accumulation of hepatic lipid metabolites and significant increase in plasma TG levels were observed in the CrebH knockout mice. Along with the hypertriglyceridemia phenotype, the CrebH null mice displayed significantly reduced body-weight gain, diminished abdominal fat, and increased nonalcoholic steatohepatitis activities under the AHF diet. Gene-expression analysis and chromatin-immunoprecipitation assay indicated that CREBH is required to activate the expression of the genes encoding functions involved in de novo lipogenesis, TG and cholesterol biosynthesis, FA elongation and oxidation, lipolysis, and lipid transport. Supporting the role of CREBH in lipogenesis and lipolysis, forced expression of an activated form of CREBH protein in the liver significantly increases accumulation of hepatic lipids, but reduces plasma TG levels in mice.

CONCLUSION: All together, our study shows that CREBH plays a key role in maintaining lipid homeostasis by regulating the expression of the genes involved in hepatic lipogenesis, FA oxidation, and lipolysis under metabolic stress. The identification of CREBH as a stress-inducible metabolic regulator has important implications in the understanding and treatment of metabolic disease.

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