JOURNAL ARTICLE

Pegylated interferon-α monotherapy leads to low response rates in HIV-infected patients with acute hepatitis C

Joop E Arends, Sander van Assen, Cari J Stek, Annemarie Mj Wensing, Justin H Fransen, Ingrid M Schellens, Sanne Nm Spijkers, Tania Mudrikova, Debbie van Baarle, Herman G Sprenger, Andy Im Hoepelman
Antiviral Therapy 2011, 16 (7): 979-88
22024513

BACKGROUND: Despite a rising incidence of acute HCV in patients infected with HIV, the optimal therapeutic strategy (pegylated interferon-α [PEG-IFN-α] monotherapy or in combination with ribavirin) is still under debate.

METHODS: A total of 23 HIV-infected patients were prospectively diagnosed with acute HCV and treated with PEG-IFN-α2a monotherapy (180 μg/week) for 24 or 48 weeks. Add-on ribavirin was allowed from week 4 of therapy onwards. There were three patients who were not included for different reasons. Blood samples were routinely drawn for viral load measurement and IL28B polymorphism analysis.

RESULTS: Spontaneous viral clearance occurred in 1 (4%) patient. Nineteen patients (13 genotype 1 and 6 genotype 4) received treatment with PEG-IFN-α monotherapy (3 with add-on ribavirin) resulting in a rapid virological response (HCV RNA<50 IU/ml at week 4) in 7 (37%) patients. A sustained virological response (SVR) was reached in 7 (37%) patients, whereas 9 (47%) patients were null-responders to treatment (that is, <2 log₁₀ drop in HCV RNA at week 12 of therapy). The unfavourable G allele of the IL28B polymorphism rs8099917 was detected in 66% of the non-responders. In case of re-emergence of HCV viraemia after treatment discontinuation, sequence analysis of quasispecies confirmed an HCV relapse in 3 patients while 2 patients were re-infected by their previously non-responding partner.

CONCLUSIONS: PEG-IFN-α monotherapy resulted in a low SVR rate and a high percentage of null-response, whereas non-SVR was associated with a polymorphism in the IL28B gene (rs8099917).

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
22024513
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"