Impact of bladder-derived acellular matrix, growth factors, and extracellular matrix constituents on the survival and multipotency of marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells

Roula Antoon, Herman Yeger, Yasir Loai, Syed Islam, Walid A Farhat
Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A 2012, 100 (1): 72-83
We investigate the effect of bladder-derived acellular matrix (ACM) on bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSC) growth, survival, and differentiation, and evaluate the effect of collagen I and IV on BM-MSC differentiation potential to SMC. BM-MSCs isolated from CD1(_) mice were characterized by surface markers and differentiation into different lineages. BM-MSC SMC potential was further evaluated in stem cell medium alone or supplemented with TGF-β1 and recombinant human platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF-BB) on plastic, collagen I and IV using western blot. Furthermore, BM-MSCs were seeded on porcine derived ACM-fortified with hyaluronic acid and cultured in Mesencult+-growth factors, bone, or fat induction media for 3 weeks. Seeded constructs were evaluated by H&E, Ki67 assay, Oil red O, and Alizarin red stain. SMC differentiation was semiquantified via immunohistochemistry. BM-MSCs differentiated into fat and bone when induced. In Mesencult, BM-MSCs differentiated into SMC, expressing α-SMA, calponin, and MHC. BM-MSCs cultured on collagen I and IV reduced expression of SMC and MHC compared to plastic. On ACM-HA, BM-MSCs maintained multipotent state by differentiating to bone and fat when induced. In Mesencult, BM-MSC-seeded ACM-HA expressed α-SMA, calponin, and MHC. TGF-β1 and PDGF-BB enhanced SMC differentiation on collagens and ACM-HA. SMC proteins expression by BM-MSC varies depending on culture substrate. SMC markers are expressed higher on plastic and lower on collagen I, IV, and ACM-HA, suggesting these substrates preferentially maintain undifferentiated state of BM-MSC, which could be advantageous for incorporation of cell-seeded grafts to permit host modulation of tissue regeneration.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"