Waist circumference and waist-to-height ratio in Norwegian children 4-18 years of age: reference values and cut-off levels

B Brannsether, M Roelants, R Bjerknes, P B Júlíusson
Acta Paediatrica 2011, 100 (12): 1576-82

AIM: To establish reference values for waist circumference and waist-to-height ratio of Norwegian children.

MATERIAL: Data were collected in 2003-2006 as part of a cross-sectional study, including 5725 children 4-18 years of age. Reference curves were fitted with the LMS method; appropriate cut-offs were selected using receiver operating characteristic analysis.

RESULTS: Reference values for waist circumference and waist-to-height ratio are presented. Mean waist circumference increased with age for both genders. Boys had a higher waist circumference at almost all ages. Mean waist-to-height ratio decreased until early adolescence and thereafter increased slightly towards adult age. There was a strong positive correlation between waist circumference and BMI (r = 0.907, p < 0.01) and a moderate positive correlation between waist-to-height ratio and BMI (r = 0.397 p < 0.01). A waist circumference cut-off value of 1.0 SDS (85th percentile) gave a sensitivity of 79% and a specificity of 94% to detect overweight. A cut-off value of 1.6 SDS (95th percentile) gave a sensitivity of 94% and a specificity of 96% to detect obesity.

CONCLUSION: This study presents the first reference values of waist circumference and waist-to-height ratio for Norwegian children 4-18 years, which also represent the first reference in Scandinavian schoolchildren. The 85th and 95th percentiles of waist circumference are proposed as appropriate cut-offs for central overweight and obesity.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"