COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Canadian Cardiovascular Society atrial fibrillation guidelines 2010: prevention of stroke and systemic thromboembolism in atrial fibrillation and flutter

John A Cairns, Stuart Connolly, Sean McMurtry, Michael Stephenson, Mario Talajic
Canadian Journal of Cardiology 2011, 27 (1): 74-90
21329865
The stroke rate in atrial fibrillation is 4.5% per year, with death or permanent disability in over half. The risk of stroke varies from under 1% to over 20% per year, related to the risk factors of congestive heart failure, hypertension, age, diabetes, and prior stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA). Major bleeding with vitamin K antagonists varies from about 1% to over 12% per year and is related to a number of risk factors. The CHADS(2) index and the HAS-BLED score are useful schemata for the prediction of stroke and bleeding risks. Vitamin K antagonists reduce the risk of stroke by 64%, aspirin reduces it by 19%, and vitamin K antagonists reduce the risk of stroke by 39% when directly compared with aspirin. Dabigatran is superior to warfarin for stroke prevention and causes no increase in major bleeding. We recommend that all patients with atrial fibrillation or atrial flutter, whether paroxysmal, persistent, or permanent, should be stratified for the risk of stroke and for the risk of bleeding and that most should receive antithrombotic therapy. We make detailed recommendations as to the preferred agents in various types of patients and for the management of antithrombotic therapies in the common clinical settings of cardioversion, concomitant coronary artery disease, surgical or diagnostic procedures with a risk of major bleeding, and the occurrence of stroke or major bleeding. Alternatives to antithrombotic therapies are briefly discussed.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
21329865
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"