Pluripotent stem cell differentiation into vascular cells: a novel technology with promises for vascular re(generation)

Nicole M Kane, Qingzhong Xiao, Andrew H Baker, Zhenling Luo, Qingbo Xu, Costanza Emanueli
Pharmacology & Therapeutics 2011, 129 (1): 29-49
Several types of stem and progenitor cells are currently under investigation for their potential to accomplish vascular regeneration. This review focuses on embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs). We will discuss the technologies allowing for their derivation, culture expansion and maintenance in a pluripotent status. Moreover, both ESCs and iPSCs can be differentiated in endothelial cells (ECs) and mural cell, including vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). Here, we will describe the involvements of growth factors (vascular endothelial growth factors-VEGFs-, platet-derived growth factors-PDGFs-), Wnt and Notch signal pathways, reactive oxygen species (ROS), histone deacetylases (HDACs), and microRNAs (miRNAs) in vascular cell differentiation from pluripotent stem cells. We will additionally describe the therapeutic potential of stem cells for vascular medicine.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"