Transcatheter aortic valve implantation: first results from a multi-centre real-world registry

Ralf Zahn, Ulrich Gerckens, Eberhard Grube, Axel Linke, Horst Sievert, Holger Eggebrecht, Rainer Hambrecht, Stefan Sack, Karl Eugen Hauptmann, Gert Richardt, Hans-Reiner Figulla, Jochen Senges
European Heart Journal 2011, 32 (2): 198-204

AIMS: Treatment of elderly symptomatic patients with severe aortic stenosis and co-morbidities is challenging. Transcatheter aortic valve interventions [balloon valvuloplasty and transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI)] are evolving as alternative treatment options to surgical valve replacement. We report the first results of the prospective multi-centre German Transcatheter Aortic Valve Interventions-Registry.

METHODS AND RESULTS: Between January 2009 and December 2009, a total of 697 patients (81.4 ± 6.3 years, 44.2% males, and logistic EuroScore 20.5 ± 13.2%) underwent TAVI. Pre-operative aortic valve area was 0.6 ± 0.2 cm² with a mean transvalvular gradient of 48.7 ± 17.2 mmHg. Transcatheter aortic valve implantation was performed percutaneously in the majority of patients [666 (95.6%)]. Only 31 (4.4%) procedures were done surgically: 26 (3.7%) transapically and 5 (0.7%) transaortically. The Medtronic CoreValve™ prosthesis was used in 84.4%, whereas the Sapien Edwards™ prosthesis was used in the remaining cases. Technical success was achieved in 98.4% with a post-operative mean transaortic pressure gradient of 5.4 ± 6.2 mmHg. Any residual aortic regurgitation was observed in 72.4% of patients, with a significant aortic insufficiency (≥Grade III) in only 16 patients (2.3%). Complications included pericardial tamponade in 1.8% and stroke in 2.8% of patients. Permanent pacemaker implantation after TAVI became necessary in 39.3% of patients. In-hospital death rate was 8.2%, and the 30-day death rate 12.4%.

CONCLUSION: In this real-world registry of high-risk patients with aortic stenosis, TAVI had a high success rate and was associated with moderate in-hospital complications. However, careful patient selection and continued hospital selection seem crucial to maintain these results.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"