JOURNAL ARTICLE

The miR-290-295 cluster promotes pluripotency maintenance by regulating cell cycle phase distribution in mouse embryonic stem cells

Zsuzsanna Lichner, Emoke Páll, Andrea Kerekes, Eva Pállinger, Pouneh Maraghechi, Zsuzsanna Bosze, Elen Gócza
Differentiation; Research in Biological Diversity 2011, 81 (1): 11-24
20864249
The mmu-miR-290-295 cluster codes for a family of microRNAs (miRNAs) that are expressed de novo during early embryogenesis and are specific for mouse embryonic stem cells (ESC) and embryonic carcinoma cells (ECC). Detailed sequence analysis and alignment studies of miR-290-295 precursors demonstrated that the cluster has evolved by repeated duplication events of the ancient miR-290 precursor. We show that under serum starvation, overexpression of miR-290-295 miRNAs withhold ES cells from early differentiation, ensures their high proliferation rate and capacity for forming alkaline phosphate positive colonies. Transcriptome analysis revealed that differentiation related marker genes are underexpressed upon high miR-290-295 level. Importantly, miR-290-295 overexpression prevents ES cells from accumulation in G1 phase at low serum level, and seems to regulate cell cycle in different phases. Our data underline that miR-290-295 miRNAs contribute to the natural absence of G1 checkpoint in embryonic stem cells. We define the cell cycle regulators Wee1 and Fbxl5 as potential direct targets of miR-290-295 miRNAs in vitro. Our results suggest that miR-290-295 miRNAs exhibit their effect predominantly through the regulation of cell cycle phase distribution.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
20864249
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"