Aberrant MicroRNA-155 expression is an early event in the multistep progression of pancreatic adenocarcinoma

Ji Kon Ryu, Seung-Mo Hong, Collins A Karikari, Ralph H Hruban, Michael G Goggins, Anirban Maitra
Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.] 2010, 10 (1): 66-73

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PanIN) is the most common noninvasive precursor to invasive pancreatic adenocarcinoma. Misexpression of microRNAs (miRNAs) is commonly encountered in invasive neoplasia; however, miRNA abnormalities in PanIN lesions have not been documented.

METHODS: Three candidate miRNAs (miR-21, miR-155, and miR-221) previously reported as overexpressed in pancreatic cancers were assessed in 31 microdissected PanINs (14 PanIN-1, 9 PanIN-2, 8 PanIN-3) using quantitative reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR). Subsequently, miR-155 was evaluated by locked nucleic acid in situ hybridization (LNA-ISH) in PanIN tissue microarrays.

RESULTS: Relative to microdissected non-neoplastic ductal epithelium, significant overexpression of miR-155 was observed in both PanIN-2 (2.6-fold, p = 0.02) and in PanIN-3 (7.4-fold, p = 0.014), while borderline significant overexpression of miR-21 (2.5-fold, p = 0.049) was observed in PanIN-3 only. In contrast, no significant differences in miR-221 levels were observed between ductal epithelium and PanIN lesions by qRT-PCR. LNA-ISH confirmed the aberrant expression of miR-155 in PanIN-2 (9 of 20, 45%) and in PanIN-3 (8 of 13, 62%), respectively, when compared with normal ductal epithelium (0 of 10) (p < 0.01).

CONCLUSIONS: Abnormalities of miRNA expression are observed in the multistep progression of pancreatic cancer, with miR-155 aberrations demonstrable at the stage of PanIN-2, and miR-21 abnormalities at the stage of PanIN-3 lesions. and IAP.

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