Dopamine influences primary motor cortex plasticity and dorsal premotor-to-motor connectivity in Parkinson's disease

A Suppa, E Iezzi, A Conte, D Belvisi, L Marsili, N Modugno, G Fabbrini, A Berardelli
Cerebral Cortex 2010, 20 (9): 2224-33
We investigated abnormal premotor to motor (PMd-to-M1) connectivity in Parkinson's disease (PD) with repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS). We studied 28 patients off and on dopaminergic therapy and 28 healthy subjects. We delivered 5 Hz rTMS over M1 before and after conditioning PMd with 5 Hz rTMS. In healthy subjects, motor-evoked potentials (MEPs) elicited by M1-rTMS were facilitated and PMd-rTMS left MEPs unchanged. In patients, before PMd-rTMS, M1-rTMS induced no MEP facilitation, whereas after PMd-rTMS, it significantly facilitated MEPs only when patients were on therapy. In the second experiment, we delivered M1-rTMS under 3 different attention-demanding tasks: eyes closed, attention directed to the stimulated hand, and attention directed to the nonstimulated hand. In healthy subjects, a more pronounced MEP facilitation was present when subjects directed attention to the stimulated hand. In patients, the MEP facilitation was present when attention was directed to the stimulated hand only when patients were on therapy. Finally, we delivered M1-rTMS in patients on therapy while they were looking at the stimulated hand, before and after 1 Hz PMd-rTMS. PMd-rTMS reduced the attention-induced MEP facilitation. We conclude that in addition to abnormal M1 plasticity, the reduced MEP facilitation in PD also reflects altered PMd-to-M1 connectivity.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"