CXCR4 positive bone mesenchymal stem cells migrate to human endothelial cell stimulated by ox-LDL via SDF-1alpha/CXCR4 signaling axis

Mincai Li, Jun Yu, Yan Li, Dujuan Li, Dan Yan, Zhiling Qu, Qiurong Ruan
Experimental and Molecular Pathology 2010, 88 (2): 250-5

BACKGROUND: Bone mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) are attractive candidates for cell based therapies to cardiovascular disease such as infarction and atherosclerosis; however, the mechanisms responsible for stem cell chemotaxis and homing remain unknown. Chemokine stromal cell-derived factor 1 (SDF-1alpha) is involved in the process of atherogenesis. This study was aimed at investigating whether the SDF-1alpha of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) plays a role in migration of BM-derived CXCR4(+)(receptor for SDF-1alpha) stem cells.

METHODS: HUVECs were cultured from human umbilical cords and was treated with ox-LDL. The mRNA and protein expression of SDF-1alpha was detected in HUVECs. CXCR4(+)BMSCs from bone marrow were isolated and were tested by migration and adhesion assays.

RESULTS: It was found that ox-LDL induced HUVECs to increase the mRNA and protein expression of SDF-1alpha. Ox-LDL increased the migratory and adhesion response of CXCR4(+)BMSCs. When the neutralizing SDF-1alpha antibody abrogated the secreted SDF-1alpha, the migration and adhesion response of CXCR4(+)BMSCs markedly decreased.

CONCLUSIONS: Our data indicated that the endothelial cells (ECs) stimulated by ox-LDL could increase the BMSCs migratory response via SDF-1alpha/CXCR4 signaling axis. These findings provide a new paradigm for biological effects of ox-LDL and have implications for novel stem cell therapeutic strategies for atherosclerosis.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"