JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

Ascites and spontaneous bacterial peritonitis: an Asian perspective

Jung Min Lee, Kwang-Hyub Han, Sang Hoon Ahn
Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 2009, 24 (9): 1494-503
19743995
Ascites is the most common complication of liver cirrhosis, and it develops as a consequence of portal hypertension and splanchnic vasodilatation. Depending on severity, management of ascites consists of diverse strategy, including dietary sodium restriction, diuretic therapy, repeated large-volume paracentesis with albumin infusion, transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt, and liver transplantation. Recently, advances in medical therapy have been made with satavaptan, a V2 receptor antagonist, vasoconstrictors, such as clonidine, midodrine, or terlipressin, and other categories of drugs, including docarpamine and Chinese herbs. These drugs may serve as useful adjuncts to conventional diuretics in the management of ascites. Besides ascites itself, serious complications, such as spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) and hepatorenal syndrome, frequently ensue in decompensated cirrhosis. SBP develops from the translocation of bacteria from the intestine, and successful management with early diagnosis and treatment with proper prevention in patients of high risk is necessary. In summary, ascites is a starting point for more serious complications in liver cirrhosis. Although liver transplantation is the fundamental treatment, it is not always feasible, and consequently various means of treatment should be used. Further study, particularly in Asia where hepatitis B virus-related cirrhosis is predominant, is warranted to improve the clinical outcome.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
19743995
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"