p28GANK inhibits endoplasmic reticulum stress-induced cell death via enhancement of the endoplasmic reticulum adaptive capacity

Rong-Yang Dai, Yao Chen, Jing Fu, Li-Wei Dong, Yi-Bin Ren, Guang-Zhen Yang, You-Wen Qian, Jie Cao, Shan-Hua Tang, Sheng-Li Yang, Hong-Yang Wang
Cell Research 2009, 19 (11): 1243-57
It has been shown that oncoprotein p28(GANK), which is consistently overexpressed in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), plays a critical role in tumorigenesis of HCC. However, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. Here, we demonstrated that p28(GANK) inhibits apoptosis in HCC cells induced by the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. During ER stress, p28(GANK) enhances the unfolded protein response, promotes ER recovery from translational repression, and thereby facilitates cell's ability to cope with the stress conditions. Furthermore, p28(GANK) upregulates glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78), a key ER chaperone protein, which subsequently enhances the ER folding capacity and promotes recovery from ER stress. We also demonstrated that p28(GANK) increases p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase and Akt phosphorylation, and inhibits nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappaB) activation under ER stress, which in turn contributes to GRP78 upregulation. Taken together, our results indicate that p28(GANK) inhibits ER stress-induced apoptosis in HCC cells, at least in part, by enhancing the adaptive response and GRP78 expression. We propose that p28(GANK) has potential implications for HCC progression under the ER stress conditions.

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