GATA3 is selectively expressed in the trophectoderm of peri-implantation embryo and directly regulates Cdx2 gene expression

Pratik Home, Soma Ray, Debasree Dutta, Illya Bronshteyn, Melissa Larson, Soumen Paul
Journal of Biological Chemistry 2009 October 16, 284 (42): 28729-37
During early mammalian development, genesis of the first two cell lineages, inner cell mass (ICM) and trophectoderm (TE), is dependent upon functions of key transcription factors that are expressed in a regulated and spatially restricted fashion. In this study, we demonstrate that during early mouse development, mRNA expression of transcription factor GATA3 is induced at the 4-cell stage and is consistently present during pre-implantation embryonic development. Interestingly, at the blastocyst stage, Gata3 mRNA is selectively up-regulated within the TE lineage, and GATA3 protein is abundantly present only in the TE but not in the ICM. Using mouse trophoblast stem cells (TS cells) as a model, we found that, knockdown of GATA3 by RNA interference (RNAi) down-regulates expression of caudal-type homeobox 2 (CDX2), a key regulator of the TE lineage. Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) analyses revealed that, in TS cells, GATA3 directly regulates Cdx2 transcription from a conserved GATA motif at the intron 1 region of the Cdx2 locus. ChIP analyses with mouse blastocysts also detected GATA3 occupancy at intron 1 of the Cdx2 locus. In addition, down-regulation of GATA3 in pre-implantation mouse embryos reduces Cdx2 expression and inhibits morula to blastocyst transformation. Our results indicate a novel function of GATA3, in which it is selectively expressed in TE, regulates expression of key genes in TE lineage, and is involved in morula to blastocyst transformation.

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