EUS-guided FNA of solid pancreatic masses: a prospective, randomized trial comparing 22-gauge and 25-gauge needles

Uzma D Siddiqui, Federico Rossi, Lawrence S Rosenthal, Manmeet S Padda, Visvanathan Murali-Dharan, Harry R Aslanian
Gastrointestinal Endoscopy 2009, 70 (6): 1093-7

BACKGROUND: There is a lack of prospective, randomized studies comparing the diagnostic yield and complication rates of 22-gauge and 25-gauge needles during EUS-FNA of solid pancreatic masses.

OBJECTIVES: Our primary aim was to compare the diagnostic yield of 22-gauge and 25-gauge needles. Secondary aims included determining the number of needle passes performed, ease of needle passage, and complications.

DESIGN: Prospective, randomized study.

SETTING: Tertiary referral centers at Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, and Virginia Piper Cancer Institute, Minneapolis, Minnesota.

PATIENTS: Patients with a suspected solid pancreatic mass from February 2007 to June 2008 were enrolled.

INTERVENTIONS: Patients were randomized to EUS-FNA with a 22-gauge or 25-gauge needle.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS: A diagnostic result was defined as cytology findings positive for malignant cells.

RESULTS: A total of 131 patients were enrolled: EUS-FNA was performed with a 22-gauge needle in 64 patients and with a 25-gauge needle in 67 patients. Cytology was diagnostic in 120 (91.6%) of 131 patients overall: 56 (87.5%) of 64 with 22-gauge needles and 64 (95.5%) of 67 with 25-gauge needles (no statistically significant difference was found between the 2 groups; P=.18). A similar number of passes was performed in both arms (mean [SD] 2.6 [1.2] each; P=.96). There were no complications in either group.

LIMITATION: A larger number of patients is needed to determine small differences in diagnostic yield.

CONCLUSIONS: This is the first prospective, randomized trial comparing 22-gauge and 25-gauge needles in EUS-FNA of solid pancreatic masses. We achieved equally high diagnostic yields by using a similar number of passes, showing that 25-gauge needles are an effective alternative to 22-gauge needles.

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