Short term impact on female sexual function of pelvic floor reconstruction with the Prolift procedure

Tsung-Hsien Su, Hui-Hsuan Lau, Wen-Chu Huang, Shwu-Shiuang Chen, Tzu-Yin Lin, Ching-Hung Hsieh, Ching-Ying Yeh
Journal of Sexual Medicine 2009, 6 (11): 3201-7

INTRODUCTION: The Prolift system is an effective and safe procedure using mesh reinforcement for vaginal reconstruction of pelvic organ prolapse (POP), but its effect on sexual function is unclear.

AIM: To evaluate the impact of transvaginal pelvic reconstruction with Prolift on female sexual function at 6 months post-operatively.

METHODS: Thirty-three sexually active women who underwent Prolift mesh pelvic floor reconstruction for symptomatic POP were evaluated before and 6 months after surgery. Their sexual function was assessed by using the short form of the Pelvic Organ Prolapse/Urinary Incontinence Sexual Questionnaire (PISQ-12) before and after surgery. The quality of life was also evaluated with the short forms of the Urogenital Distress Inventory (UDI-6) and the Incontinence Impact Questionnaire (IIQ-7) as a control for efficacy of the procedure. The Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification system was used to evaluate the degree of prolapse.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: PISQ-12 scores at 6 months post-operatively.

RESULTS: The total PISQ-12 score decreased from 29.5 +/- 9.0 to 19.3 +/- 14.7 (P < 0.001), indicating worsening of sexual function 6 months post-operatively. The behavioral, physical, and partner-related domains of PISQ-12 were each significantly reduced (5.2 +/- 3.7 vs. 2.9 +/- 3.7, P = 0.016; 15.4 +/- 4.7 vs. 10.4 +/- 8.6, P = 0.001; 8.9 +/- 3.8 vs. 6.4 +/- 5.5, P = 0.01, respectively). UDI-6 and IIQ-7 scores were significantly improved at the 6-month follow-up, as was anatomic recovery. Of the 33 subjects, 24 (73%) had worse sexual function 6 months after the procedure.

CONCLUSION: The Prolift procedure provided an effective anatomic cure of POP, but it had an adverse effect on sexual function at 6 months after surgery.

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