JOURNAL ARTICLE
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL

[Optimal dose of local anesthetic mixture in ultrasound-guided infraclavicular brachial plexus block via coracoid approach: analysis of 160 cases]

Xue-Bin Jiang, Su-Zhen Zhu, Yi Jiang, Qian-Huang Chen, Xu-Zhong Xu
Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal] 2009 February 24, 89 (7): 449-52
19567091

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the optimal dose of local anesthetic mixture in ultrasound-guided infraclavicular brachial plexus block via coracoid approach.

METHODS: 160 patients scheduled for surgery of the hand or forearm were randomly divided into 4 equal groups (Groups A, B, C, and D). To receive 8, 7, 6, or 5 ml of anesthetic mixture of 0.75% ropivacaine and 2% lidocaine for radial nerve, axillary nerve, median nerve, ulnar nerve, median cutaneous nerve of arm, median antebrachial cutaneous nerve, and lateral antebrachial cutaneous nerve respectively ultrasound-guided infraclavicular brachial plexus block via coracoid approach. The time for anesthesia taking effect, anesthesia maintenance time, and quality of sensory block were observed.

RESULTS: Anesthesia took effect about 4 minutes after injection in these 4 groups without significant differences among then (all P > 0.05). The good analgesic effect rates of Groups A, B, and C were all 100%, all significantly higher than that of Group D (87.5%, P = 0.027). The block maintenance times of Groups A, B, and C were (377 +/- 111) min, (369 +/- 135) min, and (351 +/- 112) min respectively, all significantly longer than that of Group D [(296 +/- 101) min, P = 0.024]. No anesthesia-related complication was found in these 4 groups.

CONCLUSION: Ultrasound-guided infraclavicular brachial plexus block via coracoid approach can reduce the volume of local anesthetic mixture. The dose of 6 ml local anesthetic mixture for each nerve fascicle, totally 18 ml, provides good analgesic effect and does not seem to affect the time for anesthesia taking effect.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
19567091
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"