Performance of bedside transpulmonary thermodilution monitoring for goal-directed hemodynamic management after subarachnoid hemorrhage

Tatsushi Mutoh, Ken Kazumata, Tatsuya Ishikawa, Shunsuke Terasaka
Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation 2009, 40 (7): 2368-74

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Early goal-directed hemodynamic therapy is of particular importance for adequate cerebral circulation of patients with vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage but is often precluded by the invasiveness of established cardiac output determination using a pulmonary artery catheter. This study was undertaken to validate the usefulness of less invasive goal-directed hemodynamic monitoring by transpulmonary thermodilution technique in patients after subarachnoid hemorrhage.

METHODS: One hundred sixteen patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage who underwent surgical clipping within 24 hours of ictus were investigated. Validation of transpulmonary thermodilution-derived intermittent/continuous cardiac output and cardiac preload (global end diastolic volume) were compared with pulmonary artery catheter-derived reference cardiac output and pulmonary capillary wedge pressure or central venous pressure in 16 patients diagnosed with vasospasm. In a subsequent trial of 100 consecutive cases, clinical results between the new and standard management paradigms were compared.

RESULTS: Transpulmonary thermodilution-derived intermittent cardiac output and transpulmonary thermodilution-derived continuous cardiac output showed close agreement to catheter-derived reference cardiac output with high correlation (r=0.85 and 0.77) and low percentage error (13.5% and 18.0%). Fluid responsiveness to defined volume loading was predicted better with global end diastolic volume than with pulmonary capillary wedge pressure and central venous pressure for larger receiver operating characteristic curve area. Patients receiving early goal-directed management by transpulmonary thermodilution experienced reduced frequencies of vasospasm and cardiopulmonary complications compared with those managed with standard therapy (P<0.05), whereas their functional outcomes at 3 months were not different (P=0.06).

CONCLUSIONS: Goal-directed hemodynamic management guided by transpulmonary thermodilution appears to have a therapeutic advantage for optimizing the prognosis of patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage with vasospasm over conventional methods.

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